“Khusrov and Shirin” Nizami in summary

The truth of this legend is confirmed by the Bisutun rock with carved images on it, the ruins of Medaina, the traces of the milk brook, the passion of the unfortunate Farhad, the rumor about Barbash’s ten-string sause…

In ancient Iran, not yet illuminated by the light of Islam, reigns the just king Hormuz. God gives him a son, like a wonderful pearl caught from the “royal sea”. His father calls him Khosrov Parviz.

Khosrov grows, manages, learns, comprehends all the arts, becomes eloquent. At the age of ten, he is an invincible warrior, a well-placed archer. At fourteen I began to ponder the meaning of good and evil. The teacher Buzurg-Umid teaches the boy many wonders, reveals to him the secrets of the earth and heaven. In the hope that such a worthy heir will be granted longevity, the shah has become more severe in punishing criminals, all debauchees and robbers. The country is prosperous, but a disaster happened… Once Khosrov, who went to the steppe to hunt, makes a halt in a green meadow. All night he drinks with friends, and in the morning he gets drunk. The prince’s horse was caught by the inhabitants of the neighboring village for the catch. One of Khosrov’s slaves tears some brushes of unripe grapes in a vineyard, thinking that he has matured. The Shah reports that Khosrov creates lawlessness and is not afraid of the king of kings. Hormuz commanded to cut the horse of the tendon, give the guilty slave to the owner of the vineyard, and the throne of the prince to the owner of the house, which gave shelter to the revelers. They break the legs of the musician, who broke the night’s rest, and break off the strings on the chang. Justice is one for all.

The penitent Khosrov puts on a shroud and kneels with his sword in his hands before his father’s throne. The gray elders cry for forgiveness. The Shah’s heart is touched. He kisses his son, forgives and appoints the leader of the army. Khosrov’s face now “radiates justice,” and “regal features” appear on the face. In a dream, he sees his great grandfather Anushirvan announcing that for the fact that his grandson humbled pride, he will be awarded. Having tasted sour grapes without an acidic mine, he will receive a beautiful beauty in his arms, the sweeter the world has not seen. Resigned to the loss of the horse, he will get a black horse Shabdiz. Hurricane will not overtake even the dust from the hooves of this horse. In return for the throne given to the peasant, the prince will inherit a throne similar to the “golden tree”. Deprived of the chang chang, Khosrov will find the wondrous musician Barbad…

A friend of Khosrov Shapur, who traveled the world from Maghreb to Lahore, Mani’s rival in painting and Euclid’s winner in drawing, tells about miracles seen on the shore of the Derbent Sea. It is ruled by the formidable queen of Shemira, also called Mehin Banu. She commands Arran up to Armenia, and the clank of arms of her troops is heard in Isfahan. Mehin Banu does not have a husband, but she is happy. Blooming spring lives in Mughan, in summer – in the Armenian mountains, in the autumn it hunts in Abkhazia, in the winter the queen is drawn to the nice Bard. Only her niece lives with her. The girl’s black eyes are the source of living water, the mill is a silvery palm tree, the braids are “two niggers for collecting dates.” Shapur depicts the beauty of a girl, whose lips are sweet, and her name is “Sweet” Shirin. Seventy lunelic charmers from noble families serve Shirin, who lives in luxury. The treasures of Mehin Banu are the most treasured, black as a rock, the horse Shabdiz, strangled with a golden chain. Khosrow, delighted by the story of a friend, loses sleep, thinks only of the unknown peri. Finally, he sends Shapur to Armenia for Shirin. Shapur rushes in the Armenian mountains, where the azure cliffs are clothed in yellow and red clothes of flowers.

Having dismounted at the walls of an ancient monastery, he listens to a wise monk, speaking of the birth of Shabdiz. Learning from the monks that tomorrow in the meadow there will be games of court beauties, skilful painter Shapur paints a portrait of Khosrov, ties the picture to a tree and disappears. Beauties are feasting on the lawn, suddenly Shirin sees a portrait and spends several hours in contemplation. The girls, in fright, that Shirin became insane, they break the picture and lead the princess to another meadow. The next morning Shirin finds a new drawing on the path. Again morning, and again Shirin finds a portrait of a beautiful young man and suddenly notices in the picture his own image. Girlfriends promise Shirin to learn everything about the handsome man. In the image of the magician is Shapur, who says that he painted in the portrait of Tsarevich Khosrov Parviz, but in life the prince is even more beautiful, because the portrait is “true to the signs, but devoid of the soul” . Shapur describes the wisdom and valor of Khosrov, who is burning with passion for Shirin, invites her, riding Shabdiz, to run to Khosrov and hands her a ring with the name of the prince. The lover Shirin persuades Mehin Banu to free Shabdiz from the bonds. The next morning, having left with friends for hunting, she overtakes them and rushes on Shabdiz on the way to the Shah’s capital Medain. But Mehin Banu, who dreamed of a future misfortune, does not order a chase. In sorrow, the queen decides to wait for the return of Shirin. Meanwhile, Shirin, tired of the journey, completely covered with “the dust of forests and hills,” tied her horse to a tree in a deserted lawn to bathe in the spring. having left with friends for hunting, she overtakes them and rushes on Shabdiz on the way to Shah’s capital Medain. But Mehin Banu, who dreamed of a future misfortune, does not order a chase. In sorrow, the queen decides to wait for the return of Shirin. Meanwhile, Shirin, tired of the journey, completely covered with “the dust of forests and hills,” tied her horse to a tree in a deserted lawn to bathe in the spring. having left with friends for hunting, she overtakes them and rushes on Shabdiz on the way to Shah’s capital Medain. But Mehin Banu, who dreamed of a future misfortune, does not order a chase. In sorrow, the queen decides to wait for the return of Shirin. Meanwhile, Shirin, tired of the journey, completely covered with “the dust of forests and hills,” tied her horse to a tree in a deserted lawn to bathe in the spring.

Khosrov’s works are bad. The insidious enemy, wishing to quarrel with the prince with his father, minted the dirhams with the name of Khosrov and sent them through the cities. “The old wolf shook in front of the young lion.” Buzurg-Umid offers Khosrov for a while to leave the palace, retire from distempers and wiles. Khosrov jumps down the road towards Armenia. After parking on the lawn and leaving the slaves away, he sees a horse “adorned like a peacock on a leash and a tender pheasant bathing in a paradise source.” Suddenly, in the moonlight, Shirin naked saw Khosrov and, ashamed, covered herself with the waves of her hair. The noble Khosrov turns away. A young man is in a road dress, but looks so much like a prince from a portrait. Shirin decides that here – there is no place for explanations. Khosrow looks back, but Shirin has already rushed off on Shabdiz.

Desperate, the tsarevich rushes to the Armenian kingdom. Shirin arrives in Medain and shows Khosrov’s ring. Shabdiz put in the royal stables. Communicating with the servants as an equal, Shirin tells about herself fables. It becomes clear to her: Khosrov himself was a fine youth. Grieving and humbling, Shirin refers to the will of Khosrov and orders the architect to erect a castle for her in the mountains. The builder, bought by the envious people, chooses the hottest and most deadly place. Yet Shirin moves to a new dwelling with several servants. Meanwhile Khosrov is in Armenia, the grandees come to him with offerings. Finally Mehin Banu herself receives the guest in a royal way. Khosrov agrees to spend the winter in the Bard. Here he drinks “bitter wine and grieves for the Sweet.” All the colors sparkle feast. Wine jugs, dishes, flowers, pomegranates and oranges… He is Shapur and tells Khosrov how Shirin inclined to escape. Khosrow understands that the girl who bathed in the stream was Shirin, that now she is in Medain. He again sends Shapur for Shirin. Feasting with Mehin Banu, Khosrov spoke of Shirin. Learning that Shirin was found, the queen gives Shapur Gulgun, the only horse able to keep up with Shabdiz. Shapur finds Shirin in the monastery, which seemed to him a torture chamber, and takes her to Gulgun. Khosrov learns of the death of his father and, mourning, reflects on the vicissitudes of fate. He ascends to the throne of his father. At first, he pleases all the oppressed with his justice, but he gradually withdraws from state affairs. Every day he is on the hunt, not a moment passes without wine and merriment. Yet his heart attracts him to Shirin. The courtiers say that she was taken away by Shapur. She is reminded of Shabdiz. The Shah cares about him, remembering the moon-faced. Mehin Banu met Shirin affectionately, without reproof. She already guessed the “signs of love” in her niece and in the young Shah. Shirin again among the girlfriends – betrayed past fun…

Meanwhile, Bahram Chubine, who possesses the iron will, describing Khosrov’s vices in secret messages, topples him from the throne. “Head is more valuable than a crown” – and Khosrov is saved on Shabdiz. He flees to the Mugan steppe, where he meets with Shirin, who went hunting. They recognize each other, both shed tears of happiness. Shirin can not part with Khosrov. Shirin on removable horses sends news of the arrival of a distinguished guest. In a luxurious palace Khosrov enjoys the sweetness of communication with Shirin. Mehin Banu decided to “protect the firewood from the fire.” Shirin swears she will not retire from Khosrov, speak with him only in public. Khosrov and Shirin hunt together, having fun. One day in the midst of a feast the lion breaks into Khosrov’s tent. The Shah kills the lion with a fist. Shirin kisses Khosrov’s hand, he kisses his beloved on the lips… At the feast, the princess and her friends tell stories of love; Khosrov’s heart rejoices, he longs for intimacy with his beloved. She sees that “her chastity is about to be confounded,” and runs away from the arms of Khosrov. Infinitely their explanation. Shirin tells Khosrov that to defeat a woman is not a manifestation of courage, to subdue her ardor, that’s courage, and calls him to regain his kingdom. Khosrov is offended by Shirin, because he lost his kingdom because of his love for her. Replacing the crown with a helmet, Khosrow on Shabdiz jumps to Constantinople to the Ruman Caesar. Caesar is pleased with such luck and gives his daughter Mariam for the shah. With countless Rumian troops, Khosrov stands on a campaign and defeated Bahram Chubine, who fled to Chin. Again Khosrow reigns in Medain. In his palace there is a young Mariam, but for Shirin’s hair he is ready to give away a hundred kingdoms, similar to the rich Khotan. Days pass in regrets and memoirs, and Shirin, after parting with Khosrov, lives “without a heart in his chest.” Dies Mekhin Banu, giving Shirin the keys to the treasuries. Shirin’s rule is magnanimous. The subjects rejoice, the prisoners are free, the taxes from the peasants and the tax levied at the city gates are canceled, towns and villages are landscaped. But the queen is yearning for Khosrov and asking about him caravans. Learning about the success of Khosrau, she rejoices, distributes jewels to people, but when she hears about Miriam, she marvels at the inconstancy of the heart… Mariam is strict, she made Khosrov swear in fidelity even in Rum. Shirin, sad, transfers power to the approximate, goes to Medain, settles in his red-hot castle and sends the message to Khosrov, but the lovers fear Mariam and can not see… without heart in the chest. “Mehin Banu dies, giving Shirin the keys to the treasury, the generals are rejoicing, the prisoners are free, the taxes from the peasants and the tax levied at the city gates have been improved, towns and villages...

are well-equipped, but the queen is longing for Khosrov and questions When she heard about the success of Khosrov, she rejoices, she gives out jewels to people, but, hearing about Miriam, she marvels at the impermanence of the heart… Mariam is strict, she made Khosrov swear in fidelity in Rumah. in Medai, Settled in his castle and send the hot news of Khosrov but lovers fear Mariam and can not see… without heart in the chest. “Mehin Banu dies, giving Shirin the keys to the treasury, the generals are rejoicing, the prisoners are free, the taxes from the peasants and the tax levied at the city gates have been improved, towns and villages are well-equipped, but the queen is longing for Khosrov and questions When she heard about the success of Khosrov, she rejoices, she gives out jewels to people, but, hearing about Miriam, she marvels at the impermanence of the heart… Mariam is strict, she made Khosrov swear in fidelity in Rumah. in Medai, Settled in his castle and send the hot news of Khosrov but lovers fear Mariam and can not see… charged at the city gates, landscaped cities and villages. But the queen is yearning for Khosrov and asking about him caravans. Learning about the success of Khosrau, she rejoices, distributes jewels to people, but when she hears about Miriam, she marvels at the inconstancy of the heart… Mariam is strict, she made Khosrov swear in fidelity even in Rum. Shirin, sad, transfers power to the approximate, goes to Medain, settles in his red-hot castle and sends the message to Khosrov, but the lovers fear Mariam and can not see… charged at the city gates, landscaped cities and villages. But the queen is yearning for Khosrov and asking about him caravans. Learning about the success of Khosrau, she rejoices, distributes jewels to people, but when she hears about Miriam, she marvels at the inconstancy of the heart… Mariam is strict, she made Khosrov swear in fidelity even in Rum. Shirin, sad, transfers power to the approximate, goes to Medain, settles in his red-hot castle and sends the message to Khosrov, but the lovers fear Mariam and can not see…

Yearning for Shirin deprives Khosrov of strength, and he orders to come to the feast to the musician and singer Barbad. Barbad performs thirty songs, and for each song Khosrov gives him a pearl dressing gown. Khosrov ventures to ask Miriam for leniency toward Shirin, but Miriam’s mouth is bitterly poisonous. She replies that Khosrov will not be able to taste halva, let him settle for dates! And yet, one day he decides to send Shapur for Shirin. But Shirin refuses from secret visits. Beauty, who lives in a “tight heart” valley, drinks only milk, sheep and mare, but it is difficult to deliver, because the grass grows poisonous like a snake’s sting, and the herdsmen have driven away their herds and herds. The maids are tired, delivering milk, we must shorten their way. Shapur talks about the architect Farhad, young and wise. They studied together in Chin, but “he left me a brush, he got a sword”. Farhad introduced Shirin. Punching mountains, he himself is like a mountain. The body is like an elephant, and in the body of this is the strength of two elephants. She spoke with Farhad Shirin, and from the sounds of her voice even Plato could lose her senses. Shirin says about his business: it is necessary to lay a channel in the stones from the distant pasture to the castle, so that the milk flows down by itself. Shirin’s desire is a command for Farhad. Under the blows of his pickax stones become wax. For a month Farhad cuts a channel in the rocks and spreads it with hewn stones. Having seen the work of Farhad, Shirin gives him praise, plants him above his associates, gives expensive earrings with stones, but Farhad puts gifts at Shirin’s feet and leaves for the steppe, shedding tears. And from the sounds of her voice, even Plato can lose his senses. Shirin says about his business: it is necessary to lay a channel in the stones from the distant pasture to the castle, so that the milk flows down by itself. Shirin’s desire is a command for Farhad. Under the blows of his pickax stones become wax. For a month Farhad cuts a channel in the rocks and spreads it with hewn stones. Having seen the work of Farhad, Shirin gives him praise, plants him above his associates, gives expensive earrings with stones, but Farhad puts gifts at Shirin’s feet and leaves for the steppe, shedding tears. And from the sounds of her voice, even Plato can lose his senses. Shirin says about his business: it is necessary to lay a channel in the stones from the distant pasture to the castle, so that the milk flows down by itself. Shirin’s desire is a command for Farhad. Under the blows of his pickax stones become wax. For a month Farhad cuts a channel in the rocks and spreads it with hewn stones. Having seen the work of Farhad, Shirin gives him praise, plants him above his associates, gives expensive earrings with stones, but Farhad puts gifts at Shirin’s feet and leaves for the steppe, shedding tears. For a month Farhad cuts a channel in the rocks and spreads it with hewn stones. Having seen the work of Farhad, Shirin gives him praise, plants him above his associates, gives expensive earrings with stones, but Farhad puts gifts at Shirin’s feet and leaves for the steppe, shedding tears. For a month Farhad cuts a channel in the rocks and spreads it with hewn stones. Having seen the work of Farhad, Shirin gives him praise, plants him above his associates, gives expensive earrings with stones, but Farhad puts gifts at Shirin’s feet and leaves for the steppe, shedding tears.

In the longing for Shirin in the evenings, Farhad comes to the dairy creek and drinks sweet milk. From mouth to mouth the rumor about the destiny of the architect passes, she reaches and the ears of Khosrov. Strange joy he felt when he heard that there was another madly in love, but jealousy prevailed. He calls Farhad, argues with him, but Farhad can not renounce the dream of Shirin. Then Khosrov offers Farhad for the glory of Shirin to pierce the passage through the granite mountain Bisutun. Farhad agrees, but on condition that Khosrov refuses Shirin. Labor is beyond recovery, but the master immediately begins to work. The first thing he did was carve an image of Shirin on the rock, depict Khosrov riding at Shabdiz. Fracturing the rocks, climbing uphill, Farhad sacrifices his life. Shirin visits him at Mount Bisutun, welcomes him, gives him a cup of milk. Horse Shirin stumbled in the mountains. Farhad carries Shirin along with her horse to the castle itself. And again he returns to his work. Khosrov is crushed by the news of Shirin’s meeting with Farhad, he is informed that the work is nearing completion. The advisers suggest that he send a messenger to Farkhad with the news of Shirin’s death. Hearing this, Farhad throws the pickax into the heavens in desperation, and, falling, she breaks his head. Khosrov wrote a letter to Shirin expressing a feigned condolence. Miriam is dying. Out of respect for her dignity, Khosrow sustains a full term of mourning, continuing to dream of an unbreakable Shirin. To “spur” it, he decided to resort to cunning: you need to find another lover. Hearing about the beauty of Isfahan beauty Shakar, he goes to Isfahan. The advisers suggest that he send a messenger to Farkhad with the news of Shirin’s death. Hearing this, Farhad throws the pickax into the heavens in desperation, and, falling, she breaks his head. Khosrov wrote a letter to Shirin expressing a feigned condolence. Miriam is dying. Out of respect for her dignity, Khosrow sustains a full term of mourning, continuing to dream of an unbreakable Shirin. To “spur” it, he decided to resort to cunning: you need to find another lover. Hearing about the beauty of Isfahan beauty Shakar, he goes to Isfahan. The advisers suggest that he send a messenger to Farkhad with the news of Shirin’s death. Hearing this, Farhad throws the pickax into the heavens in desperation, and, falling, she breaks his head. Khosrov wrote a letter to Shirin expressing a feigned condolence. Miriam is dying. Out of respect for her dignity, Khosrow sustains a full term of mourning, continuing to dream of an unbreakable Shirin. To “spur” it, he decided to resort to cunning: you need to find another lover. Hearing about the beauty of Isfahan beauty Shakar, he goes to Isfahan. he decided to resort to cunning: you need to find another lover. Hearing about the beauty of Isfahan beauty Shakar, he goes to Isfahan. he decided to resort to cunning: you need to find another lover. Hearing about the beauty of Isfahan beauty Shakar, he goes to Isfahan.

Feasting with Khosrov, Shakar always waits for his intoxication and at night replaces himself with a slave. Convinced of the chastity of the beauty, Khosrov marries her, but soon, full of excitement, exclaims: “I can not without Shirin, how much can you fight against yourself?” At the head of the magnificent procession, Khosrov, on the pretext of hunting, rushes into Shirin’s domain. Having seen his beloved, Shirin loses consciousness, but Khosrov is drunk, and, fearing him, ashamed of the rumors, she orders to shut the castle doors. For Khosrov, a brocade tent is smashed, a treat is sent, Shirin throws rubies under the hooves of Shabdiz from the fortress wall, shakes Khosrov’s head with pearls. Their long conversation, full of reproaches, threats, arrogant pride and love, does not lead to peace. Shirin rebukes Khosrou: he had fun when Shapur worked as a pen, and Farhad with a pickaxe. She is proud, and outside the marriage knots the shah does not get what she wants. Khosrov in anger rides away, along the way complaining to Shapur. He is humiliated. Shapur calls for patience. After all, Shirin is exhausted. Truly, she suffers because Khosrov left her. Shirin throws his castle and slaver in slavery arrives at Khosrov’s camp. Shapur triumphantly leads her into a magnificent tent, and he hurries to Khosrov, who has just woken up. In a dream, he saw that he had taken a burning lamp in his hands. Interpreting the dream, Shapur portends Khosrov’s bliss with Shirin.

Khosrov feasts and listens to musicians. In the tent Shirin appears, the ruler of Khosrov, and falls to his feet like a slave. Shirin and Khosrov are attracted to each other, like a magnet and iron, and yet the beauty is unassailable. Shah tells astrologers to calculate a favorable day for marriage. A horoscope is compiled. Khosrov brings Shirin to Medain, where the wedding is celebrated. Shirin offers Khosrov to forget the wine, because from now on she is for him – and a cup of wine and cupbearer. But he is in the bedchamber drunk to insensibility. Shirin sends Khosrov an elderly cousin to make sure he is able to distinguish the moon from the cloud. Horrified, Khosrow in a flash of astonishment. In the morning he is awakened by the kiss of Shirin. The lovers are finally happy, they reach the peak of their desires, and the next night and the day they sleep with a sound sleep. Beauty Humayun Khosrow gives Shapur, Humeila’s husband became Nakis, a musician and nobleman, Samanturk was given to Barbad. Buzurg-Umid was married to a Hotan Tsarevna. Shapur moreover took possession of the whole kingdom of Mehin Banu. Khosrov blissfully, spending time in the embraces of Shirin. Then he plays backgammon, sitting on a golden throne, then jumps on Shabdiz, then he tastes the honey of Barbad’s game. But the jasmine sieve already appeared in the dark-violet hair. He thinks about the transience of existence. Shirin, the wise instructor, directs Khosrov to the path of justice and wisdom. Shah listens to the parables and teachings of Buzurg-Umid and repents of his deeds. He is already ready with a light heart to part with the insidious world. Affliction brings Khosrov Shiruya, his ungodly and wicked son from Miriam. Khosrov retires to the temple of fire, the throne captures Shiruya, only Shirin is allowed to the prisoner and comforts him. Shiruyu mortally wounded his father, Khosrov dies, bleeding and not daring to confuse Shirin’s dream, sleeping next to him. Shirin awakens and, seeing a sea of ​​blood, sobs. After washing the shah’s body with camphor and rose water, dressing him, she dresses herself in everything new. Parricide woo to Shirin, but, having buried Khosrova, she hits herself with a dagger in the tomb of her beloved.


“Khusrov and Shirin” Nizami in summary