Shaginyan Marietta Sergeevna (1888 – 1982), the prose writer.
She was born on March 21 (April 2 nd) in Moscow to a doctor’s family. She received a wonderful home education, then studied at a private boarding school, then at the Rzhevskaya Gymnasium, one of the best gymnasiums in Moscow of that time.
In 1912 she graduated from the Faculty of History and Philosophy of Higher Women’s Courses. In the same year, she visited St. Petersburg, became acquainted with Gippius and Merezhkovsky, became interested in the philosophical concepts of the Symbolists, and experienced their influence, reflected in her books On the Bliss of the Hapless: The Poetry of ZN Gippius (1912); “Two morals,” (1914), some articles.
In 1913 Shaginyan published the book “Orientalia”, which brought her fame. A great role in the formation of the writer was played by her cooperation in the newspapers “Priazovsky Krai”, “Caucasian Word”, “Baku”, where she regularly acted as a professional journalist, covering the events of the literary and artistic life of the country.
In 1915 – 1918 she lived in Rostov-on-Don, she taught at the conservatory aesthetics and art history. In these years she wrote the first big novel – “My destiny”, full of philosophical problems.
Shahinyan enthusiastically accepted the October Revolution, which gave her new themes for creativity. In... 1922 – 23 there was a novel “Change”, then – “The adventure of the lady from society.” In 1923 – 1925 he published under a pseudonym a series of agitational-adventure stories “Mess-Mend”, which was a great success. In 1928 he published a kind of literary work – “novel-complex” “Kik”, combining different genres – “from the poem to the report.” In 1930 – 1931 he wrote the novel “Hydrocenter”, which was the result of her years in the construction of Dzorage.
For many years, Shaginyan worked in the genre of the essay: “Zangezur Copper” (1927), “Soviet Transcaucasia” (1931), “Journey on Soviet Armenia” (1950), “Foreign Letters”
For many years she wrote literary portraits of people who were closely acquainted with her (N. Tikhonov, Khodasevich, Rachmaninov) or whose life and work were dear to her (T. Shevchenko, I. Krylov, Goethe).
The long life lived by M. Shahinyan was filled with large and small historical events, of which she always wrote passionately and with interest. A special place in Shaginyan’s work is occupied by books on the Leninist theme: novels-chronicles “The Ulyanovs’ Family” (1938, revised in 1957), “The First All-Russia” (1965).
Shaginyan died at the age of 94, in 1982, in Moscow.
A short biography from the book: Russian writers and poets. A short biographical dictionary. Moscow, 2000.