(1913 – 1972)
Smelyakov Yaroslav Vasilievich (1913 – 1972), the poet.
Born December 26, 1912 (January 8, 1913) in Lutsk in the family of a railway worker. Early childhood passed in the village, where he received primary education, then continued teaching in the Moscow Seven-Year Plan. Early started writing poems.
In 1931 he graduated from the polygraph factory factory, where he published his poems in the workshop wall newspaper, wrote reviews for the propaganda team. At the same time engaged in literary circles under the “Komsomolskaya Pravda” and “Ogonek”, was seen with the vet and Bagritsky.
In 1932, the first book of Smelyakov’s poems “Work and Love” was published, which he himself typed in the typography as a professional compositor.
In 1934, on an unreasonable charge, Ya. Smelyakov was repressed, leaving in 1937. For several years he worked in the editorial offices of newspapers, was a reporter, wrote notes and satirical articles.
In the first months of the Patriotic War, an ordinary soldier fought in Karelia, having been surrounded, until 1944 was in Finnish captivity.
In the postwar years, the book “The Kremlin Spruce” (1948), which includes the best poems Smelyakova, written before and after the war.
In 1956, a novel was published in the poems “Strict Love,” which received wide recognition.
In 1959 a poetic collection entitled “A Conversation on the Main” appeared; a phenomenon in Soviet poetry was the book of poems “The Day of Russia” (1967).
In 1968, a poem was written about the Komsomol “Young People”.
In recent years, the poet increasingly turned to the days, people and events of his youth. I traveled a lot around the country (the “Long trip” cycle), I visited abroad, as I told in the book “December”, in the “Muse of distant wanderings”.
He translated poems from the Ukrainian, Byelorussian and other languages of the peoples of the USSR. Ya. Smelyakov died in 1972.
After the death of the poet, his books “My Generation” (1973) and “Time Service” (1975) were published.
A short biography from the book: Russian writers and poets. A short biographical dictionary. Moscow, 2000.