ILF Ilya (real name – Ilya Arnoldovich Faisilberg) (1897 – 1937);
Petrov Eugene (real name – Yevgeny Petrovich Kataev) (1903 – 1942) – satirical writers, authors of novels, short stories, feuilletons and essays written together.
Ilf was born on October 3 (15th century) in Odessa in the family of a bank employee. In 1913, after graduating from a technical school, he began working, often changing his place of work: a drafting bureau, a telephone exchange, an aviation plant. He worked as a statistician, editor of the humorous magazine “Sindetikon”, in which he published his poems under a female pseudonym, an accountant. In 1923 he became a professional writer. Having moved to Moscow, he constantly worked in the newspaper Gudok, but he published his essays and satirical articles in various publications. Already in the processing of Rabkor’s letters, Ilf’s penchant for satire was affected. The result of the trip to Central Asia was a series of essays “Moscow – Asia” (1925). I Petrov was born on November 30 (December 13, 2007) in Odessa in the family of a history teacher. Having graduated in 1920 from a classical gymnasium, began to work as a correspondent of the Ukrainian Telegraph Agency, then as an inspector of the criminal investigation department. In 1923 he moved to Moscow, where he continued his education and took up journalism. He worked in newspapers and humorous magazines, published several
In 1925, the future co-authors get acquainted, but only a year later their joint activities begin, since Petrov was to serve in the army. The first significant joint work of Ilf and Petrov was the novel “The Twelve Chairs”, published in 1928 in the journal “30 days”, which immediately won the reader’s recognition, but was met with cold criticism. V. Mayakovsky supported the book of young writers.
In the 1920s a number of feuilletons and novels written jointly appeared in Pravda and Literaturnaya gazeta.
In 1931, published a second novel by Ilf and Petrov – “The Golden Calf,” warmly met with criticism, received rave reviews of M. Gorky, A. Zoshchenko, A. Barbus.
In 1935 the writers made a trip to the US, later writing the book “One-story America” (1936). Ilf’s disease (pulmonary tuberculosis), aggravated during the journey, ended in his death, which followed April 13, 1937.
After the death of Ilf, Petrov wrote several screenplays: “Air Carrier” (1943), “Anton Ivanovich angry” (1940), together with G. Moonblit – “The musical history.”
With the outbreak of the Patriotic War, Petrov became a military correspondent for Pravda and the Informbureau, and is on many sectors of the front. The result of these impressions was the book “Front diary”. July 2, 1942 E. Petrov, returning to Moscow from the besieged Sevastopol, died.
A short biography from the book: Russian writers and poets. A short biographical dictionary. Moscow, 2000.