Theme of love in the tragedy of Goethe “Faust”

Theme of love in the tragedy of Goethe “Faust”

Oh heaven, that’s beauty!

I have never seen such a thing in my life.

How unspoilt-pure

And how sarcastically, without malice!

I. Goethe

“Faust” is a work on which Goethe worked almost all his life and which changed along with the author. In the center of the tragedy, the story of Dr. Faust, in the image of which the author’s faith is embodied in the boundless creative possibilities of man, in his mind and soul. Man appears here as the real center of the universe. Faust not only realizes himself as a person, but also opposes himself to the rest of the world. “I, called a deity similarity, I imagined myself and really God-like,” he says.

This opposition was manifested in the tragic love story of Faust and Margarita.

Returning with the help of Mephistopheles youth, Faust falls in love with the first beautiful girl he saw – a modest and hardworking, but devout and narrow-minded Margarita. Mephistopheles hopes that in her arms Faust will find that sweet instant that she wants to prolong to infinity. He helps Faust tempt Margarita. She is an ordinary woman, who is pleased and rich gifts, and admiration of the noble lord. And Faust is attracted not only by her beauty and freshness, but also by the spiritual purity, the kindness of Margarita. It does not bother him that she is simple, uneducated. The tragedy occurs later: Faust could not and did not want to marry a girl, and therefore she was doomed to shame. Margaret, Gretchen, in the name of love for Faust, forgot about her mother, her brother, her decency. After all, meeting with Faust, love for him is the most important thing, the brightest event in her boring, measured life. Their feelings are mutual, but they are so different that tragedy is inevitable.

In Margarita, the ability to love lovingly combines with a sense of duty. She sincerely believes in God and tries to direct Faith in the way of truth. The girl is deeply going through her “fall”. In doing so, she hopes for God’s protection and the salvation of the soul. After the murder of Margarita’s brother,

Faust was forced to flee, and the whole burden of shaming the birth of an illegitimate child falls on Margarita’s fragile shoulders. She turns out to be a sinner both in the eyes of others and in her own eyes. Gretchen can not understand why love, which gave her such joy, is contrary to morality. This passion – an indirect cause of the death of his brother Valentine and the death of his mother, which Margarita accidentally poisoned. Now, Faust’s beloved, in a fit of madness, who killed her child, is doomed to be executed.

Having heard about this Faust rushes to the rescue and finds Gretchen in prison. He wants to take Margarita with him. But it’s too late! In a brief moment of enlightenment, she pleads guilty and wants to bear punishment in order to save her soul: “I submit myself to God’s judgment.” The desire to live and love struggles in her soul with horror in front of hell. The pages devoted to the meeting between Faust and Margarita in prison are the most piercing in the tragedy. The last words Gretchen addressed to his beloved. “Killed!” Faust is in despair. “Saved!” a voice is heard from heaven. She was forgiven, now the soul of Margarita is free.

The fault of Faust in the death of Margarita is beyond doubt. His love, deprived of responsibility, was not so strong and selfless. He threw his beloved woman in the most difficult moment for her, fled, saving her life. But also fascinated by the charms of Walpurgis night, he did not forget about Margarita and tried to save her. The death of Gretchen is a tragedy for Faust. This is the collapse of hopes for the saving power of love. Faust no longer can love anyone so much. He did not stop the moment. He was in love selfish, unable to give, and the main joy of a loving is disinterestedness, the desire to make another happy. This was not given to understand the skeptic Faust, vainly ruined Margarita and wasted the newly-found youth.


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Theme of love in the tragedy of Goethe “Faust”