The theme of education and the formation of personality in the novel by Charles D. Dickens “David Copperfield”

The novel by Charles D. Dickens “David Copperfield” was published in 1850. This work of Dickens is largely autobiographical: the author tells the first person the story of a man who became a writer. David, like Dickens himself, has withstood a grueling struggle against difficult life circumstances.

David Copperfield tells his story as if from the height of a happy ending, but by the end of the narrative the belief in the inevitable victory of justice is gradually replaced by calm fatigue: the world can not be remade, you can only remake yourself. “David Copperfield” – a novel about how a good man managed to remain a good person, although all his life he was accompanied by loss, meanness, injustice, cunning.

A boy growing up with a sweet and weak mother and a kind, funny nanny by Peggotty first encounter evil when her mother remarries. The cruel, cold Murdstone and his dry, spiteful sister immediately hated the child, and the poor meek mother

did not know how to protect him. When the stepfather decided to flog the boy, he bit him and found himself at the Salem House school, where Mr. Creakle reigned. David was humiliated and bullied. He stayed there for a long time, the connection with two of his classmates was preserved for a long time at Copperfield. One of them – awkward, but good-natured and respectable Traddles subsequently submissively worn on his shoulders cares about the numerous family of his wife. The second is the brilliant handsome Steerforth, who was willingly subordinated to fellow practitioners and the headmaster of the school was curious about him because of his wealth. Smart and gifted, becoming an adult, he quietly seduced and threw the daughter of fisherman Emly and broke the heart of his mother. David is sincerely attached to both, but already in his childhood makes a choice: his path is closer to the path of Traddles.

Life tests continue. The boy’s mother dies, and her stepfather does not want to pay for his studies and sends David to the warehouse. A ten-year-old child suffers from hard work, from anguish and most of

all – from the understanding that he has been deprived of the opportunity to get an education. And he escapes to the harsh, but kind and fair grandmother Trotvud, who gives it to another school – Dr. Strong, and then helps to become a lawyer. On his way there are nice and kind people – the family of nurse Peggotty, Mr. Wickfield and his daughter Agnes, cheerful and life-loving Mr. Micawber. But they are opposed by the vicious sneaker Uriah Hip, who saw in David his antipode and who hated him, Mard-groans and many others. Despite all the difficulties, David managed to keep faith in the good, the pure soul of the child. He never forgot,

Copperfield remembers about his life and involuntarily evaluates many events in it in a different way, not in the way a small boy estimated them. But through the narrative of the famous writer, the voice of a talented and observant child breaks through, who could understand and remember so much.

Dickens shows us how a little boy learns to distinguish evil from good, to protect good, but at the same time soberly assess his strength and be able to see something good and worthy of sympathy even in negative characters. And still be able to laugh at yourself – without it, the good seems too insipid, and evil – too terrible. Soft Dickensian humor saves the novel from excessive edification: we do not just learn life lessons, but live together with a small and large Copperfield his complex, happy and sad life.

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The theme of education and the formation of personality in the novel by Charles D. Dickens “David Copperfield”