The Great Patriotic War is a huge tragedy in the life of the Russian people, which is reflected in the literature.
In the literature on war, two groups of works, radically different from each other, can be distinguished. In the works of the authors of the first one, the Stalin military-patriotic doctrine is reflected. The enemy here suffers a quick and devastating defeat. Authors pursuing a different approach to the depiction of war do not romanticize the events taking place, but show the real, terrible and merciless face of the war. These writers, for the most part, themselves were able to visit under the fire of enemy bullets. The image of the war, which appears in the works of these authors, literary scholars called “Trench Truth”, and the works themselves, taking into
Alexander Bek belongs to such authors, for example. In the story “Volokolamskoe Highway” he shows the fate of the battalion, who was surrounded. The author recreates a true picture of the events unfolding near Moscow. Those bloody battles with a severe page entered Russian history. Drawing the courage of soldiers, A. Beck shows his view on why the Germans, reaching almost to the walls of the capital, and could not take it.
Vasil Bikov in the story “Sotnikov” reveals the problem of false and true heroism. The main characters, finding themselves in a critical situation, discover their true essence. The traitor is Rybak, and Sotnikov remains faithful to his debt until his last gasp.
A terrible picture of the death of young guys draws in the story “Killed under Moscow” K. Vorobyov. The heroes of the work are cadets of the Kremlin company, unprepared for combat activities and thrown into the very fire of the war. Rainbow was the initial presentation of cadets about the front. They go to war, not realizing what awaits them ahead. They are led by Captain Ryumin, a hard man who is respected by cadets. But the main character of the story is Alexei Yastrebov – a young, inexperienced cadet. Like
A sharp pain about the death of young girls is heard in the story of Boris Vasilyev “And the dawns here are quiet.” Five girls, led by Sergeant Sergeant Vaskov, enter into an unequal battle with the Germans, which exceed them in numbers and in physical strength. The death of those who are born to give life, emphasizes the inhumanity and cruelty of war.
The events of the novel by Yuri Bondarev “Hot Snow” are concentrated around one day of the battle. A battery of Russian soldiers performs the task at all costs not to miss enemy tanks to Stalingrad. Bondarev truthfully shows real and ostentatious patriotism, draws heroism and cowardice, humanity and cruelty.