The name of MA Sholokhov is known all over the world. He wrote about the tragic fate of people trapped in a maelstrom fraught with the tragedies of the 20th century: the writer’s focus is on the portrayal of the terrible and terrible events of the revolution, civil war, and collectivization. Sholokhov also paid attention to the period of the Great Patriotic War, when humanity was once again faced with a giant catastrophe.
The writer is again interested in the fate of a person who has been deprived of terrible historical cataclysms.
The action in Sholokhov’s story “The Fate of Man” (1956) begins in March 1946, in the first post-war spring. The protagonist of the story, Andrei Sokolov, is no different from the generation of people who won the war, who passed through all the trials. He has big dark hands of a hard worker. He is poorly dressed, he has a skinny sack. However, behind the outward invisibility lies a great tragedy: “Have you ever seen
your eyes, as if stained with ashes, filled with such inescapable mortal longing that it is difficult to look at them?”
The fate of Andrei Sokolov is the glorious and heroic fate of the generation of Soviet people who have passed through the agonies and horrors of the war and have preserved humanity and nobility.
The pre-war life of Andrei Sokolov was formed happily: he loved his wife, children, and this love awakened his best feelings in him.
But the war came and took away this happiness. Andrei Sokolov went to the front. Wounds, captivity, murder of a traitor, an unsuccessful escape from captivity, bullying of fascists – these are the main milestones of the front biography of a man in the war. Every time, passing through the trials of fate, Andrei Sokolov remained a real man, a man with a capital letter.
The scene of the clash with Mueller is the climax in this story. This is a duel of enemies, a kind of psychological duel, requiring from the hero an incredible strain of will and all physical and mental strength. On the one hand, he is an armed, well-fed, self-righteous and domineering
fascist; on the other, he is an unarmed, powerless, barely able to stand on his own feet, deprived even of his name by prisoner of war No. 331. Hungry and exhausted, he refuses to drink for the victory of German weapons, and when he does agree to drink “for their own perdition and deliverance from torment,” then he does not touch bread: “I wanted them, damned, to show that although I starve to death, but I’m not going to choke on their handouts, that I have my own, Russian dignity and pride and that they do not turn me into a beast Styles, no matter how trying. ” Even Mueller could not but admire the courage and perseverance of a Russian soldier. To the bottom of my heart I am touched by the lines about how the prisoners who died of starvation shared the bread and bacon brought by Andrei.
The news of the death of the family, total loneliness – the last, the most terrible tests of Andrei Sokolov. This was to break the man, to deprive him of the meaning of life. After all, his heart was petrified with grief.
Why did Andrei adopt Vanya? He was deeply wounded by the tragic fate of the child. His heart has not ceased to love, but the soul continues to feel the suffering and pain of men. By adopting an orphan, Andrei Sokolov once again performs a feat. He consciously takes responsibility for raising a child, even without having a permanent home.
This is the inconspicuous heroism that Andrey Sokolov demonstrates daily, hourly, overcoming his tragedy and the tragedy of the boy.
“Two orphaned people, two grains of sand, abandoned to foreign lands by a military hurricane of unprecedented power… something waiting for them ahead?” the author asks the question. And he himself answers: “I would like to think that this Russian person, a man of unbending will, will stand up and, next to his father’s shoulder, will grow up one who, having matured, will be able to endure everything, to overcome everything on his way, if his Motherland calls to it” .