Philosophical motifs in the works of the classics are not uncommon. Philosophy comes to the rescue when it is necessary to better understand the whole system of “peace – people”. To whom, no matter how a poet, a person who is keenly aware of life, who has an amazing gift to express his thoughts in a special form, do not turn to reflections on the relationship between the individual and society, the meaning of life, the sources of spiritual development and perfection.
Mikhail Yurievich Lermontov also addressed philosophical subjects. VG Belinsky wrote about Lermontov: “How much an aesthetic sense in this man… he is an omnipotent possessor of the realm of life phenomena, he reproduces them as a true artist.”
For the lyrical works of Mikhail Yurievich Lermontov, motifs of spiritual loneliness and sadness are characteristic. Why does such a mood dominate the poet’s work? We can assume that this is the property of his nature. But actually
it is not. The main reason is the trends of the time. The gap between the realities of the world and the ideal, the visible poet, is insurmountable. What is this ideal? He is a strong, free man, ready for heroism.
The motives of loneliness are the main and all-encompassing in Lermontov’s lyrics (“No one treasures me on earth”, “And I myself am a burden like others” from “1831 June 11 day”). But they are not in themselves: the questions of spiritual perfection coexist with philosophical questions-the search for the purpose of life and the meaning of being.
Lermontov is closely connected with philosophy and love. The theme of love in Lermontov’s works often acquires a philosophical coloring: Lermontov’s verse is not so much a story about arose feeling as a reasoning about love. In the poems about Lermontov’s love, the most important philosophical questions are raised.
The program work of M. Yu. Lermontov “The Duma” is a work equally satirical and philosophical. It sets us on serious reflections.
The main theme of the Duma
is the condemnation of the inertia and apathy of contemporaries. Yes, the times are not easy: the most severe political reaction, the time of the reign of the “blue uniforms”. And, as a result, the younger generation is skeptical about life, questioning life ideals. Inactivity, understanding of the tragedy of the era, a sense of emptiness and meaninglessness of existence – and it seems to many: the younger generation has no future.
The “future” always occupied a special place in philosophy and in human thinking in general. People tend to think about the future. And, if there is an understanding that there is no future – then it’s scary.
Lermontov’s lyrics are characterized by pessimistic intonations. But the true poet does not only talk about himself, rather, not so much about his personal “I” as about his contemporary. And the point, in fact, is not in the pessimism or melancholy of the poet, but in what is behind it.
Why am I looking so fame? It is known, in glory there is no bliss, But all my soul wants In everything to reach perfection. Piercing the future darkness, She, powerless, suffering And in the present everything is not so, As much as she would like it, meets.
These lines from the poem “Glory” (1830 or 1831) clarify the true cause of sadness and disappointment. Lermontov was dissatisfied with his generation (“I look sadly at our generation”) not because I was subject to sad thoughts, but because I gravitated towards perfection (the pursuit of perfection is the subject of philosophical analysis) and was a man of great demands and aspirations.
All that Lermontov wrote about during his short but bright creative path with his thoughts and feelings, mistakes and insights, is permeated with philosophy. He never wrote without thought, for by nature he was a profound philosopher. And besides Lermontov knew perfectly well that everything that happens to him is inextricably linked with his homeland.