Without nouns, we would live in a different world. We could not communicate and could hardly understand each other. Could not explain where to go, what to bring or submit. This is usually not conceived. But if you pay attention to this, it becomes clear how important are the nouns in our life.
The noun, in contrast to the name of the adjective or verb, points to the subject itself, without naming its characteristics or the actions it performs. Examples are the most common words used so often in our speech: “sun”, “tree”, “apple”, “saxophone”, etc. Since the noun can be characterized as the most important part of the Russian language, schoolchildren from primary school begin To study this part of speech immediately after the completion of the study of the alphabet.
A noun is a grammatical unit of speech in the Russian language that answers the questions of who. what? and is the most common and most important. In the sentence,
this part of the language is most often a subject of the same or a complement, but often occurs in the role of the predicate, and in rare cases – and other parts of the sentence. The noun can be either a component of a large sentence, or it can be a whole sentence itself.
The noun has certain personal characteristics, for example, a number, a calculus – it can be unique and plural. For example, the word “table” belongs to a single number, and “tables” to a plural. Also this part of speech is divided into genera: male (he), female (she) and average (it). All words belonging to the noun are divided into six cases.
It is worth noting that the names of nouns have 3 declensions. To the very first, as a rule, absolutely all nouns of the masculine and feminine gender are completed, ending with the ending “-a” or “-y”. The second includes masculine words combined with a zero ending, as well as male and middle genera of nouns, ending in “-o” and “-e”. The third declension consists of nouns related to the female gender, combined with
a zero ending or a soft sign at the end.
The words belonging to the category of nouns are divided into animate and inanimate. Animate designates living beings who have a soul, and inanimate – ordinary non-living things. All of the above characteristics, and specifically – the ability to change by birth, number, decline and animation are mandatory morphological signs of the noun. The presence of gender and number can also be morphological features and grammatical units in the Russian language. I consider the noun the main and dominant grammatical unit in the Russian language, without which our speech and communication are impossible.