All of us, now living, are responsible for nature before descendants, before history. As early as the beginning of the twentieth century, our compatriot VI Vernadsky claimed that humanity is becoming a geological and, perhaps, a cosmic force. These prophetic words were not immediately understood and appreciated. But now each of us can be convinced of their fidelity: mankind “shakes” the Earth, like geological cataclysms. The scale of human influence on nature is constantly growing. The consequences of his activities also grow.
Nuclear war, ecological catastrophe, spiritual unconsciousness are the three sides of the same process of self-destruction of mankind, a process that can be stopped. Therefore, it is not by chance that many contemporary novelists and poets are sounding the alarm, trying to warn people that a man is a part of nature and destroying it, he destroys himself.
Even in the last century, Russian publicists first began to talk about the symptoms
of the phenomenon that nowadays is called the “ecological crisis” and which now poses a serious danger to human existence. So, for example, it is known that now the planet disappears irrevocably up to a dozen species of animals and one plant species weekly. There is no doubt that the material losses resulting from the barbaric treatment of nature can be calculated. It is much more difficult to calculate the spiritual losses that affect the character of people, their thinking, their attitude towards the surrounding world and their own kind. About this is able to speak unless art.
The problems of the relationship between man and nature, the role of man on Earth, constantly excited the famous writers. In many works of V. Rasputin and V. Astafiev, V. Belov and C. Aitmatov, F. Abramov and D. Granin, the idea sounds that our nature is a house that a person destroys with his own hands. So, in his work “The Tsar-Fish” V. Astafyev painfully asks the question: “Who and how will eradicate this long terrible habit of managing in the forest, as if in his own yard?” Why do people like Goga
Gorcev appear? ” Goga Gortsev, the “tourist”, never considered people either friends or comrades, was, by his own admission, a “free person.” People like Goga seem to be strong personalities. They are characterized by a thirst for a new, aspiration to see the world and people. “Tourists” like Goga Gortsev at first glance may even cause sympathy. But for them the main thing is to snatch their piece, for which they are ready to sacrifice someone else’s life. A non-spiritual attitude toward life (“after us at least a flood”), selfishness, self-conceit leads such heroes to a sense of the absurdity of existence, to spiritual degradation and physical death.
Accidentally slipping, the “strong personality” Goga Gorcev dies in the taiga, thereby confirming the idea that randomness is a manifestation of regularity. Vanity and arrogance are related to the Astafyev hero with Orozkul from the story of Ch. Aitmatov’s The White Steamer. Orozkul is always sweet to hear, as they call him “the great owner of a large forest.” He brutally punishes not only this forest, but also with the Horned mother a deer, whose children were considered to be the old man Momun and his grandson.
What happens to a person? This question worries many people. The inner essence of a person is revealed not only in the relationship with each other. Each of us has what we call sacred places: the father’s house, mother…
If a person does not regret his home, where is the guarantee that he can ever regret his own mother? This was reflected by V. Rasputin in the novels “The Last Duration”, “Farewell to the Mother”. And in the story with the symbolic name “Fire” the writer tells about the fire that swept the commercial warehouses of the timber industry village. Instead of jointly fighting the disaster, people alone, competing with each other, take away the good snatched from the fire. Fire in the village, a fire in the hearts of people…
The idea that a person should not fight against nature, that she is not an enemy to him, because he himself is a part of it, has now become evident. The harmony of man and nature is an indispensable condition for the continuation of life on Earth.