Nekrasov’s poetry is full of descriptions of the tragic life of the people. On the one hand, he dreams of a beautiful future for the peasants, on the other hand he understands that some dreams are not enough. Therefore, all his lyrics are imbued with a call for struggle for happiness, freedom of the people. He despises the useless existence, poverty, which begets in a man of insignificance. He sees the reason for poverty in the inaction of the people. Showing his work, he considers inadmissible humility with a difficult fate, a beggarly existence. Most of Nekrasov’s lyrics are devoted to the theme of the suffering of the people. This theme, according to the author in the poem “Elegy”, will always be relevant.
He understands that the question of restoring social justice will be set for many generations and that, while the people “drag themselves into poverty”, the only companion, support, inspiration will be Muza. Nekrasov devotes his poetry
to the people. He affirms the idea that victory goes to the people only if everyone goes into battle. Let not every warrior harm the enemy, But everyone go into battle! A fight decides fate. I saw a red day: there is no slave in Russia! And I shed sweet tears in emotion. These lines, the author calls for a struggle for freedom and happiness.
But by 1861 the question of the freedom of the peasants had already been resolved. After the reform to abolish serfdom, it was believed that the life of the peasants went on the path of prosperity and freedom. Nekrasov sees the other side of this aspect, he puts the question this way: “The people are released, but is the people happy?”. This makes us wonder whether real freedom has gained the people? In the poem “Elegy”, written at the end of life, Nekrasov sums up his arguments about the appointment of the poet and poetry.
The main place in his poetry Nekrasov refers to the description of the life of the people, his difficult fate. He writes: I dedicated the lyre to my people. Perhaps, I will die unknown to him, But I served him – and with
my heart I am calm. But all the same the author is oppressed by the idea that the people did not respond to his voice, remained deaf to his calls: But the one about whom I sing in the evening silence, To whom are the poet’s dreams, – Alas! He does not hearken, and does not give an answer. He is worried about this circumstance, and therefore he sets himself the task of becoming a “exposer of the crowd,” of “her passions and delusions.” He is ready to go through a difficult thorny path, but to fulfill his mission as a poet.
Nekrasov writes about this in his poem “Blessed is the gentleman of the poet.” In it, he shames the lyricists, who remain aloof from the most “sick”, the most urgent and ambiguous problems of the peasantry. He ridicules their detachment from the real world, their waking in the clouds, when such misfortunes occur on the earth: children are forced to beg, women take on the burden of the family breadwinner and work from dawn to dusk.
The author claims that in any, even the most difficult times, the poet is not free to bypass the things that most concern the Russian people. The real poet, according to Nekrasov. Usta armed with a satire, he passes a thorny path With his punishing lyre. It is such a poet who will always be remembered, although it will be late to understand how much he did.
Poems on the appointment of the poet and poetry occupy an important place in the lyrics of Nekrasov. They once again confirm his boundless devotion to the Russian people, his love for him, admiration for his patience and diligence, and at the same time the pain experienced by the author, seeing his inaction, his humility with his cruel fate. All his work is an attempt to “wake up” the spirit of the people, make him understand how important and good freedom is, and that only with her the life of the peasants can become truly happy.