Composition with a direct speech

Direct speech is a way of conveying someone else’s speech, in which it is clearly separated from the author’s speech, reproduced verbatim, and therefore completely retains its lexical, grammatical, intonational and stylistic features. Direct speech can be used both for the transmission of words and unspoken thoughts of another person, and words and thoughts belonging to the author himself. For example:

“I’m in love,” she whispered again to the old lady with sorrow (AS Pushkin);

“Lord!” – I said by mistake, without even thinking about it (OE Mandelstam).

Sentences with direct speech look like a semantic and intonational combination of two fairly independent parts: the author’s words and the actual direct (foreign) speech. Author’s words carry information about the source of someone else’s speech. They usually contain the verbs of speech (speak, ask, answer, tell, order, etc.), thoughts (think, remember, think, reflect, believe, etc.) or verbs that call for some actions, accompanying speech (laugh, smile, resent, get upset, rejoice, surprise, sigh, etc.).

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Composition with a direct speech