Every nation has its own monuments – symbols of national pride and glory. They are a vivid testimony of the love and respect of compatriots to outstanding writers, scientists, heroes.
On one of the noisy Moscow squares June 6, 1880, a monument to the great Russian poet Alexander Pushkin was erected. His discovery was the most prominent public event in Russia at the end of the 19th century, an important milestone in the fate of Pushkin’s heritage.
The history of the monument is interesting. His idea arose in 1837, immediately after the death of Pushkin. However, it was not destined to come true, as by tradition the monuments were established only by outstanding statesmen.
Nevertheless, the permanent petitions of both officials of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Lyceum students of the Pushkin issue, supported by public opinion, forced the government in 1860 to authorize the construction of the monument. At the same time, not a penny was allocated from
the treasury. It was announced the collection of money and even collected about 30 thousand rubles, but this is the end of it.
In 1880, the initiative to create a monument to Pushkin took over the pupil of the Tsarskoye Selo Lyceum, Yakov Karlovich Grot. For ten years he collected 160,575 rubles, after which he announced an open competition for the projects of the monument. The winner was the talented sculptor AM Opekushin.
After three years of creative searches, the final design was approved, and Opekushin proceeded to make a gypsum model. The statue was cast at the bronze casting plant in St. Petersburg. Finally, the monument, which is a bronze figure of Pushkin, installed on a granite pedestal, saw the light in 5 years.
In general, the height of the monument is almost 11 meters. The pedestal is characterized by a laconic beauty: graceful steps, a slightly rising up cap, eighteen low granite pedestals around the base of the monument with a bronze wreath on each, and between them are garlands of cast laurel leaves. There are four cast-iron lamps around.
Pushkin is presented dressed in a frock
coat and a wide cloak, his figure expresses the ease and liveliness, the poetic elevation of the image. The head of the poet is slightly inclined, and the gaze is thoughtful, as if Pushkin is immersed in his thoughts, pondering a new work.
On the pedestal the lines from the well-known poem “Monument” are broken:
The rumor about me will pass all over Russia great,
And every language that is in it will call me,
And the proud grandson of the Slavs, and the Finn, and now the wild
Tungus, and a friend of the Kalmyk steppes.
And for a long time I will be so kind to the people,
What kind feelings did I awaken with lyre,
That in my cruel age I praised Freedom
And mercy to the fallen called.