Michelangelo Buonarotti is a great Italian art figure, an ingenious sculptor, architect, painter, a famous representative of the High Renaissance. He was the first sculptor who was well versed in human anatomy, and for depicting the human body in the form of sculptures, he worked with solid material – marble.
Michelangelo was born in the town of Caprese on March 6, 1475 in the family of the poor city elder Ludovico Buonarroti. Not having enough money to raise all his children, his father gave Michelangelo for education in another family, where a small genius learned the basics of working with clay and tools. Since 1488, he studied in the studio with the artist Domenico Ghirlandaio, and a year later moved to the art school of Lorenzo de ‘Medici in Florence. Medici was
In 1496, at the invitation of the cardinal who bought his marble creation – Cupid, Michelangelo moved to Rome and worked until 1501 on the sculptures “Bacchus” and “Pieta” in the Cathedral of St. Petra. From Rome he returned to Florence already a well-known and revered sculptor. Here, Michelangelo creates the famous sculpture of David from marble, over which he worked for long three years.
Michelangelo arrives in Rome in 1505 to work on the order of Pope Julius II. Until 1512, with interruptions, the master worked on creating a tomb for the pope, a statue of Julius II of bronze, and also painted the frescoes of the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel.
After the death of Pope Julius II in 1513, Michelangelo continues work on the tombstone, which, according to general estimates, the great sculptor spent about forty years of his life. Of the many unfinished parts of the project, the completed statue was only the famous marble Moses.
In his old age, Michelangelo devoted more and more time to architecture. The new pope appointed him chief architect in the reconstruction of St. Peter’s in Rome, where Buonarotti worked free of charge. The huge dome of the cathedral, designed by Michelangelo, was completed after the death of the great creator.
Michelangelo died February 18, 1564 in Rome and was buried in Florence in the church of Santa Croce.