Garry Kasparov – Soviet chess player, was born in Azerbaijan. At birth, the name was Harry Kimovich Weinstein.
At the age of 16 he became the world champion. And from 1985 to 1993 Kasparov remained the champion of the International Chess Federation. His first match with Anatoly Karpov was the longest in the history of chess. After 48 games, Karpov’s psychological and physical tension caused the match to be stopped by the judges. Karpov retained the title of champion. Since then, the termless matches have ceased to hold.
Six months later, a rematch was won by Kasparov. So Harry became the youngest holder of the title of world champion. In 1986, 1987, 1990 he defended his title in the matches against Karpov.
In 1993, the chess player left FIDE. Then, in the biography of Garry Kasparov, the Professional Chess Association was organized. In 1996, Kasparov played chess with a computer. For the first time in history, the world champion lost the game to the computer, although the match itself won. In 1997, however, the IBM computer “Deep Blue” defeated Kasparov.
In 2000, in the biography of Kasparov, the title of world champion was lost to the 25-year-old Vladimir Kramnik. Despite this, Kasparov was considered one of the best chess players in the world. In 2003, Kasparov again played against the computer program “Deep Junior”, this time in a draw.
One of the greatest chess players, Kasparov left professional games in 2005. Since then, he has devoted himself to political activities, trying to spread democracy in Russia. Kasparov in 2007 nominated his candidacy for the presidency. However, it was not registered, since the congress of the group pushing it did not take place.