1. What is the peculiarity of the geographic location of the Arctic Ocean? How does it affect its nature?
The peculiarity of the geographic location of the Arctic Ocean lies in its name. This is the northernmost of the oceans. A significant part of it is covered with thick ice that does not melt throughout the year. The nature of the ocean is severe, the arctic climate hinders the development of living organisms. Representatives of the animal world are different kinds of fish and birds, walruses, seals, polar bears. The Arctic Ocean bathes the north of Eurasia and North America and connects with the Pacific Ocean with a narrow Bering Strait, and with the Atlantic Ocean – a wide water space through which a branch of the warm North Atlantic Current penetrates into the Arctic Ocean.
2. Prepare for the lesson additional reports on ocean research.
Russian, Norwegian, English and Dutch researchers have done a lot to study this ocean, located around the North Pole.
You will be able to get acquainted in detail with the exploits of the great and fearless travelers and explorers of the Arctic Ocean and the entire Arctic as a whole, after reading the recommended literature given in the textbook at the end of the chapter.
3. What are the natural complexes in the ocean? Why?
Features of climate and relief contributed to the formation of two different natural complexes: the natural complex of the Central Arctic and a complex of marginal seas, the bottom of which is the continental shelf. Natural complexes differ in the characteristics of water masses, the nature of the plant and animal world.