Animal world of savannas and sparse forests of Africa

Only in African savannah can you see so many herbivorous giant animals. They all wander through savannahs in search of niches and water. They make especially significant transitions in the dry period.

The African elephant is the largest of the modern land animals. The length of his body reaches 7 meters and the weight of adult males is 5-7 tons. Since herbaceous food is low-calorie, the elephant needs up to 100-300 kg per day. Every day the animal drinks 100-200 liters of water. Because of ivory, these giants were ruthlessly exterminated in the past. Now they need protection.

Large herds are kept buffalo, a variety of antelopes, zebras. They are constantly trapped by predatory beasts: lions, cheetahs, leopards. Their companions are jackals and hyenas, vultures that feed on scraps left by larger predators. This is the “orderlies” savannah.

In the savannas of Africa, lives and the tallest animal of the planet – a giraffe. Its growth reaches 5-7 m.

So the animal has adapted to get leaves from the highest trees. Despite the long neck, the giraffe is able to jump high. But because of high blood pressure, he can not run for long.

There are many in the savanna of omnivorous animals of rhinoceroses, hippos and crocodiles.

In the savannah lives the largest bird of the planet – an African ostrich, reaching a height of 2-2.5 m. It does not fly, but runs fine. Therefore local residents for transportation of mail harness the birds in small carts. The African ostrich carries the world’s largest eggs, which weigh 1.5-2 kg. This egg can be fed 10 people.

Among other birds stand out a maraboo with a huge beak and a predatory bird secretary.

Many reptiles: different kinds of snakes, nitons. Among the insects, the most common are ants and termites, which build tall buildings of various shapes. Together with numerous microorganisms of soils, they often complete food chains in the savanna ecosystem.

Currently, most of the savannah territories are plowed and used for growing crops, as well as for grazing domestic animals. Natural savannas are preserved only in a few places, as well as in reserves and national parks.

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Animal world of savannas and sparse forests of Africa