Aboriginal vocabulary

Aboriginal vocabulary is the vocabulary of the Russian language, heterogeneous both in terms of the time of its origin and in its origin. Among the original Russian words, it is customary to distinguish several layers: the Common Indo-European, the All-Slavonic, the East Slavic and the Russian proper.

The Common Indo-European lexical layer consists of the words existing in the Russian language and in many other Indo-European (Baltic, Roman, German, Indian, etc.) languages ​​as a legacy of their common distant past. The beginning of the collapse of the Indo-European community is presumably related to the boundary of I-III millennium BC. e. To this archaic lexical layer belong many terms of kinship, the names of parts of the body, animals, plants, objects of life, the numerals of the first ten, adjectives and verbs that call the most essential qualities and actions: mother, daughter, brother, wolf, sheep, water, meat, bone, day, be, eat, give, carry, see, shabby, white, live,


The Slavic (or Proto-Slavic) stratum is a lexicon inherited by the Russian language from the language of the Slavic tribes, which arose as a result of its separation from the primo-European unity and existed until approximately the 6th-7th centuries. n. e. To this layer of primordial vocabulary, numerically higher than the Indo-European stratum, many words referring to instruments of labor, crops, trees, body parts, food, animals, relatives, dwellings, abstract concepts, various actions and qualities: harrow, rake, scythe, sickle, ax, wheatgrass, barley, pea, viburnum, birch, maple, linden, otter, cow, crow, rooster, mosquito, head, leg, ear, face, thigh, kvass, kissel, lard, grandson, father-in-law, mother-in-law, canopy, shelter, bench, gold, iron, good, evil, happiness, excitement, cape s, evening, pale and great cunning, healthy, dumb,

East-Slavic (Old Russian) – these are words that emerged around the 7th-8th c. n. e. in the language of the Eastern Slavs – the Old Russian language, from which later came Russian, Ukrainian and Belarusian. This is a fairly diverse vocabulary, reflecting

the economic, political, social and cultural life; they are names of qualities, actions, states; terms of kinship and names of animals; a number of numerals and adverbs: a roof, a graveyard, a lace, a hook, a string, a sack, a tub, a samovar, a distemper, a settlement, acrid, gray, blond, brown, sharp, dense, rumble, shiver, boil, sway, fidget, uncle, nephew, squirrel, marten, viper, finch, daw, today, suddenly, after, now, thirty, forty, etc.

Actually Russians are words that appear in Russian since the XIV century. – that is, since the emergence of a separate Great Russian nation. To this layer of primordial vocabulary are such words as a top, fork, wallpaper, envelopes, kulebyaka, flat cake, rook, blizzard, ice, bricklayer, pilot, leaflet, deceit, caution, total, coo, rustle, shiver, run, carpenter, convex, flabby, utterly, in passing, by the way, so long as, because, thanks to, etc.,

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Aboriginal vocabulary