According to the researchers, Stendhal’s spiritual development was affected by uneasy relations with his father, who was a type of self-satisfied smug bourgeois. The writer built his artistic world in many respects as opposed to his father’s preferences: he placed the free personality and her passions at the center of this world, not submitting to the steady philistine ideas about “duty”, “decent”, “favor”, etc.
Napoleon was a significant figure of Stendhal’s inner life. The writer ambiguously assessed him as a politician, but, of course, he admired his genius, his military courage, his influence on European history and world fame. The writer’s gravitation toward the depiction of heroic characters was largely due to his admiration for this historical figure and the special atmosphere of the Napoleonic era, characterized by a “thirst for strong feelings” and the need for action energy.
Stendhal regarded himself as a romantic, and his work is really rich in connections with romanticism, which placed the inner world of man at the center. However, in the artistic approach to this world, based on the “mathematical analysis” of human feelings and the critical comprehension of social life, the principles of a realistic type of creative thinking were manifested.