Alexander Trifonovich Tvardovsky is a famous Soviet writer, poet, laureate of the Lenin and Stalin Prizes, the State Prize of the USSR, as well as the owner of many orders and awards.
Alexander was born on June 8, 1910 in the Smolensk province of the Russian Empire. Surprisingly, in Tvardovsky’s biography the first poem was written so early that the boy could not even write it down, because he was not literate. Love for literature appeared in childhood: Alexander’s father loved reading houses aloud from the works of famous writers Alexander Pushkin, Nikolai Gogol, Mikhail Lermontov, Nikolai Nekrasov, Leo Tolstoy and Ivan Nikitin.
Already at the age of 14 he wrote several poems and poems on topical topics. When the country was collectivized and dekulakized, the poet supported the process, “The Path to Socialism”). In 1939, when the war with Finland began, AT Tvardovsky, as a member of the Communist Party, participated in the union of the USSR and Belarus. Then he settled in Voronezh, continued to compose, worked in the newspaper “Red Army”.
Creativity of the writer
The most famous work of Alexander Trifonovich Tvardovsky was the poem “Vasily Terkin.” The author of the poem brought great success, because it was very relevant in wartime. The further creative period in Tvardovsky’s life was filled with philosophical thoughts, which can be traced in the lyrics of the 1960s. Tvardovsky began working in the journal “New World”, completely revised his views on Stalin’s policies.
In 1961, impressed by the speech of Alexander Tvardovsky at the 22nd Congress of the CPSU, Alexander Solzhenitsyn gave him his story “Shch-854”. Tvardovsky, being at that time as editor of the magazine, rated the story extremely highly, invited the author to Moscow and began to seek permission from Khrushchev to publish this work.
In the late sixties in the biography of Alexander Tvardovsky a significant event occurred – the campaign of Glavlit against the magazine “New World” began. When the author was forced to leave the editorial office in 1970, part of the collective left with him. The journal was, briefly, defeated.
Death and heritage
Alexander Trifonovich Tvardovsky died of lung cancer on December 18, 1971, and was buried in Moscow at the Novodevichy Cemetery.
The name of the famous writer named the streets in Moscow, Voronezh, Novosibirsk, Smolensk. In his honor the school was named and a monument was erected in Moscow.