Lobanov Mikhail Petrovich (17.11.1925, the village of Inshakovo, Ryazan region). At five I was left without a father. Mother, already having two children, married a second time for a widower with five children and then gave birth to four more. The first stories were published in 1939 in the district newspaper Kolkhoznaya Buildings. In 1943 he was drafted into the army and after short courses at the machine-gun school near Ufa received direction to the Bryansk Front. On August 9, 1943, a fragment of a mine was wounded on the Kursk Bulge. In 1944 he came to the faculty of Moscow State University. He received his diploma in 1949, after which he left for the Rostov newspaper Molot. In 1959 he defended his thesis. In 1958, a separate book published a panegyric about L. Leonov’s novel “The Russian Forest.” Since the mid-1960s he regularly published serious philosophical articles in the journal “
N. Yakov is a leftist, and not only with him. So, in 1968, the magazine “Youth” lashed out at Lobanov for the frequent use of the words “spirit” and “spirituality,” opponents believed that the spirit is a fiction.. But then all in his criticism went to Alexander Yanov. He interpreted Lobanov’s article “Enlightened Philistinism” as an appeal to the Russification of the social orientation of the Soviet regime and the official strategy of the Soviet leadership. The loudest scandal was caused by the article “Liberation” (Volga magazine, 1982, No. 10). The reason for writing the article was the publication of the novel by M. Alekseev “Drachuny.” But instead of analyzing the text, the critic publicly expressed doubts about the benefits of collectivization. He directly named the reasons provoked in 1933 in the Volga region and Ukraine’s famine. Head of the propaganda department of the Central Committee of the CPSU B. Stukalin and the department head of culture of the Central Committee V. Shauro immediately filed a memorandum with the conviction of Lobanov to the new General Secretary of the Central Committee Yu. Andropov. The Secretariat of the CPSU Central Committee immediately adopted a corresponding resolution, removing the editor-in-chief of the “Volga” poet N. Palkin. The critic was subjected to elaboration at a special meeting of the secretariat of the board of the Writers’ Union of Russia. Lobanov was blown to death by Valery Dementiev, Yegor Isayev, Nikolai Shundin, Nikolai Dorizo, Valery Povolyayev. Yuri Bondarev was indignant: they say, asserting only one concept in the literature, Lobanov actually trampled everything around him. At the same time, Lobanov never considered himself a dissident and, especially, a human rights defender. He suffered a lot from the authorities in the Soviet era, he once confessed to the criticism of Vl. Bondarenko, that the Soviet period considers the summit of statehood in the thousand-year history of Russia. After all that happened, Lobanov “emigrated” to literary criticism, taking up the creative work of Aksakov. In the mid-1990s, he became famous for Stalin’s apologetics, having compiled a documentary collection “Stalin.” Since 1963 he teaches at the Literary Institute. Laureate of the All-Russian Litope Prize “Stalingrad”.