Zamyatin Eugene Ivanovich (1884 – 1937), the prose writer.
He was born on January 20 (February 1, 2006) in Lebedyan, Tambov province, in the family of a priest. After graduating from the Voronezh gymnasium in 1902 with a gold medal, he entered the shipbuilding institute, which ends in 1908. During his student years, during the first Russian revolution, he took part in the revolutionary movement. In 1906 – 11 he lived illegally.
Zamyatin began printing in 1908, but the first major literary success came to him after the publication of the story “Uyezdnoe” (1911). In 1914 for the anti-war story “On the cake” the writer was brought to trial, and the number of the magazine in which the novel appeared was confiscated. Gorky
In 1916 – 17 Zamyatin worked as a marine engineer in England, the impression of which formed the basis of the story “Islanders” (1917). In the fall of 1917 he returned to Russia, worked in the editorial board of the publishing house World Literature, and was published in journals. At that time Zamyatin’s authority was very high in all respects. As an engineer, he became famous for his participation in the construction of icebreakers – “Ermak” and “Krasin”, etc.
In a complex literary situation in the 1920s Zamyatin gravitated toward the group “Serapion Brothers”. He writes stories and novels – “Cave”, “Rus”, “The Story of the most important”; tries the forces in drama – the plays of “Bloch”, “Atilla”.
His famous novel “We” was written by the writer in 1920. Immediately followed by a long and stormy discussion of the book both in society and in criticism, although the novel was published abroad only in 1924 (and 64 years later it was published in the author’s homeland). Since 1929 Zamyatin has not been published in Russia. He was subjected not only to unfair, dissenting criticism, but to real persecution.
In 1931 he sent a letter to Stalin requesting permission to go abroad and, having received permission, settles in Paris. Being in exile, until the end of his life he retained Soviet citizenship.
Posthumous publications: the story “The Beach of God” (1938), a book of memories of “Faces”.
Died E. Zamyatin in 1937 in Paris from a serious illness.