(born on September 26, 1932)
The prose writer.
Was born on September 26 in Dushanbe in the family of a journalist. As a child, I often had to change my place of residence – the family moved from Tajikistan first to Ukraine, then to Russia. From the age of 11 began the work experience of the future writer: during the war the boy worked in the collective farm, he worked at the plant.
After the war he ends the night school in Kerch. In 1951 he was called for four years in the ranks of the Soviet Army. After demobilization, he comes to Moscow, works on the railway, then at the construction site. In 1957 he entered the Regional Pedagogical Institute. NK Krupskaya, leaves him two years later, choosing a different path.
In 1960 Voinovich works at the All-Union radio editor, writes texts of popular songs – “I believe friends, caravans of missiles…”, “Rulla, you are a ruler…”, etc.
In 1961 in the magazine “New World” was published the first story Voinovich – “We live here.” Becomes a professional writer.
In 1960, one after another, there are new stories: “A distance of half a kilometer,” “Two comrades,” “I want to be honest,” “By mutual correspondence.” In 1960, Voinovich actively joined the struggle for human rights, for the rights of the writer. His works cease to print, especially since in 1969 he published abroad
For “disobedience” and the desire to defend their human dignity, V. Voinovich was expelled from the Writers’ Union. He did not appear at the meeting of the Secretariat, sending an open letter: “We have nothing to talk about, there is nothing to argue about, because I express my opinion, and you – which order…”
In 1975 he wrote the story “Ivankiada, or A story about the installation of writer Voinovich in a new apartment. ” In 1979 came the second volume of “Chonkin” abroad. Since he did not work anywhere, he fell under the article of the law on parasitism. Therefore, in 1980 he was forced to leave the country. He lived in West Germany, in Munich. In 1981, Voinovich was deprived of Soviet citizenship.
Abroad wrote a number of works – a satirical play “Tribunal” (1984); novel anti-dystopia “Moscow 2042” (1986); the story “Cap”
In 1983 he lectured at Princeton University in the USA. In recent years, they have been giving lectures in America from time to time. In 1990 he was returned to Soviet citizenship. V. Voinovich lives and works in Munich and Moscow.