Wet tropical evergreen forests Spread a narrow strip along the north-eastern coast of Australia. They occupy about 2% of the continent. Australia’s rainforests are extremely picturesque: lush garlands of flowers growing right on trunks and branches, mountains with clear streams and waterfalls, slender coast palms, blue bays with coral reefs combined with gloomy rain forests all leave an unforgettable impression.
A characteristic feature of the tropical forests of Australia is the richness of their species composition. On the territory of half a hectare can grow 150 different plant species. This richness of species also applies to epiphytes – plants that live on trees, using them as a place of attachment. On the trunk of a fallen tree, you can count up to 50 kinds of flowers and lianas living on it.
Very interesting in this respect is the tree of Australian rain forests – banyan. Its seeds linger on the branches of other trees and sprout, lowering the roots down and clinging to them for the host tree. From the seed, a tuber is formed, resembling a potato, from which roots are lowered and fixed on the ground. Very quickly, the host tree is entangled with a net of banyan roots and perishes, and the banyan takes its place and grows into a giant tree. In the tropical forest of Australia, also grow coniferous – pine cowri, araucaria, red cedar. There are maple, Australian walnut. Many palm trees, tree-like ferns, bottled and grassy trees.
Among the animals there is a wood wallaby kangaroo. Between the trees is digging deep holes wombat – a marsupial the size of a badger. In the rotting wet foliage and raw sand, as in the incubator, eggs are laid by weedy chickens. A lot of bright butterflies flutter in the air.
A small area in the southeast and southwest in the subtropics of Australia is occupied by evergreen hardwood forests and shrubs, as well as mixed forests. This territory is almost completely changed by human activities. In the forests of Tasmania there is a marsupial devil, who is also called a “forest dragon”. He has sharp teeth and claws. He feeds mainly on carrion. At night he hunts small animals. Extraction greedily eats, not leaving even a piece.