A verb is a part of speech that denotes an action or state and expresses these values in the forms of the species, time, pledge, person, number, inclination, and in the sentence performs the function of the predicate.
The verb names different actions or states. However, some nouns (walking, reading, etc.) also denote the action, but the meaning of the action in nouns is not grammatically expressed. The meaning of the action is grammatically expressed in the verbal categories of time, inclination, pledge, transitivity, species and person, and nouns do not have these grammatical characteristics. In comparison with other parts of speech, the verb has the richest set of grammatical categories.
Permeating the entire verb system, time, form, inclination, pledge and transitivity are the most important and vivid grammatical categories of this part of speech. All without exception, verbal forms are characterized by specific and collateral values. The category of time is a
characteristic feature of any verb, since the action and state are necessarily oriented in time with respect to the moment of speech.
Verbs related to different lexical and grammatical categories – transitive and intransitive verbs (see Transitivity), reflexive verbs (see Recurrence), impersonal verbs, etc. – are characterized by different verbal categories and have their own set of grammatical forms.
The variety of grammatical categories of the verb provides a branched system of its grammatical forms. Distinguish personal (conjugated) and non-finite forms of the verb. Personal forms are called so because they are able to point to an actor. Non-personal forms of the verb include the infinitive, the participle, the gerund. Material from the site // iEssay. en
Verb forms have a different set of grammatical meanings. Personal forms of the verb are characterized by a large set of grammatical meanings. For example, the verbal form I will read has the meaning of 1st person, singular, future tense, perfect species, real voice, indicative mood, transitivity. The least grammatical meanings of the verb is in the form of an infinitive: only the form, the pledge and the transitivity-intransitivity. All forms of the same verb have common grammatical characteristics: the meaning of the form and the pledge, the general model of controlling the case of the dependent noun, and so on.