Among the Moscow theaters, the Bolshoi Theater, the Moscow Art Theater, the Small Theater, the operetta theaters, satires, Sovremennik and others are especially popular.
Theater art in Moscow began to develop at the end of the XVI century. The first theatrical performances are connected with performances of buffoons, jesters. In 1672, the first Russian court theater appeared in Moscow: in the summer residence of Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich, performances were started, mainly on biblical subjects. At Peter the Great there was a school theater in the Slavic-Grekolatinsky Academy. Then in 1757 at the Moscow University a theater was opened, the student troupe of which soon became a professional theater and was called the “Russian Theater”. Here the first Russian actors began their
Prince PV Urusov and entrepreneur M. Medox in 1776 created the first permanent professional public theater in Moscow for which a large building on Petrovka Street was specially built. And here for the first time in Moscow was shown the comedy of D. Fonvizin “The Nedorosl”.
From the second half of the XVIII century, serf theaters became widespread: the Moscow Sheremetev Theater in Kuskovo and Ostankin, the Yusupovs in Arkhangelsk. Prince Volkonsky had several theaters in which not only serfs played, but also amateurs from noblemen-landowners. Rich noblemen started their own home theaters: artists were taught by expensive teachers, drawn from France, Italy. A lot of money was spent on theatrical scenery and costumes. For many noble nobles, the serf theater was a testament to their wealth. With the onset of winter, as soon as the sledge way was established, the owners of such private theaters came from their estates to Moscow with actors and numerous servants. On the stages were given tragedies, operas and ballets, which were noisy.
In Moscow, an important event in the theatrical life was the creation of the Bolshoi Theater. It was organized in 1776 under Empress Catherine II. His first troupe consisted of 22 people, it included amateur actors
The Moscow Maly Theater also has a long tradition. His troupe of dramatic actors existed in the 18th century, and officially under its name “Maly Theater” it was opened in 1824. He began to work in a new building, which has survived to our days. Here there was a school of Russian realistic acting. The first famous Russian actors performed in the Maly Theater, playing in the plays of Alexander Griboyedov, Nikolai Gogol, Alexander Ostrovsky, as well as in the tragedies of Shakespeare, Schiller and other Western European classics.
Later on the creation is the Moscow Art Academic Theater, or the Moscow Art Academic Theater, which bears the name of Maxim Gorky. Founded by Stanislavsky and Nemirovich-Danchenko in 1898, this theater made a huge contribution to the development of Russian and world theatrical art. At the heart of the creative activity of the theater is the Stanislavsky system – his teaching about the realistic art of the actor, the actor’s work on the role.