Monarchy, kings. Charlemagne

Settled on the territory of the Roman Empire, the Germans found there a more perfect than theirs, the state system, their leaders liked the powerful power of the emperors. But the German kings, future kings, could not immediately abandon the people’s congregation and the council of elders. To create a state with strong power, the Germans spent several centuries. Historians call such a state a monarchy, since it was based on the sole authority of the monarch, which was hereditary. In Europe, monarchs were called kings, in Russia – kings.

The power of the first Frankish kings was still weak, but gradually grew stronger. Remember the story with a Saussonian bowl: King Clovis did not immediately execute a rebellious warrior, but did it only a year later, when he felt he had enough power to do so. Strengthened their power kings of francs mainly due to military successes, increased wealth, support from the church.

Kings, even if the church gave them a particularly

honorable title of emperor, could not manage a large country independently. They relied on the army, officials, the court – all that is called the state. But the state did not appear immediately. Even Charlemagne did not have ministers and officials, they were replaced by palace servants: a chamberlain, a stableman, a tailor, etc. In the districts, large tribes were headed by dukes. Small districts belonged to the counts. Margraves stood at the head of the border marks. In the remotest corners of the state the emperor sent his trusted controllers – “royal messengers.”

Charlemagne did not have his capital, as life was spent in military campaigns and constant traveling around the empire. Most often the Emperor of the Franks stayed in Aachen, where he liked to swim in hot springs.

Conducted life in the wanderings, not only Charlemagne, but also other monarchs. This was due to the lack of communication facilities. Behind the king, longing for his home, he roamed the whole of his courtyard, which resembled a “caravan or army on the march.” Otherwise, it was impossible to manage the state at that time.

The monarch is the hereditary head of state in the monarchy.

Monarchy is the sole supreme state power, mainly hereditary.

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Monarchy, kings. Charlemagne