The drama of AN Ostrovsky “The Thunderstorm” is one of the most famous works of the writer. There are many topics in it: love, freedom, and serfdom. And, of course, the main idea that runs through the whole work is reflected in the title of the play.
Thunderstorm is both a natural phenomenon, and a danger looming over the city, and a symbol of the epoch.
From the very beginning of the narrative, in the first act, we hear a conversation between two heroes about the customs of Kalinov. Kudryash and Kuligin are secondary characters, but in spite of this they carry an important semantic load. Their conversation is tied around Wild. This hero is gifted by the author with a talking surname, indeed, it seems to him that human concepts are alien. This hero is a kind of thunderstorm for all domestic, as well as for domestic people, his sudden anger keeps the whole neighborhood in awe.
Another episode in which there is Dikoy and one of the heroes who first appear
on the stage, Kuligin. In this episode Kuligin asks for money from the Wild to build a watch and lightning rod, the hero wants to do something useful and good, at least somehow stir a stagnant society. But he receives a refusal, the stupidity and shortsightedness of the Wild is even deeper than we might think, he is categorically against the construction, because the storm, in his opinion, is sent to people as punishment, and the clock is not needed at all (the author probably stresses the lack of hours the fact that the development of Kalinov lags behind, education is absent and rough serf orders still reign).
The main heroine of the work Katerina lives with her husband in the house of his mother Kabanikhi. Kabanov, this is their talking name, and it does not require unnecessary explanations. Freedom-loving Katerina is languishing under the yoke of this cruel woman, a real thunderstorm for her entire home. Only the good manners and wisdom of Katerina allowed her to hold out for a long time under her power, but only externally, internally the heroine always remains free.
Much of Katerina’s life is
associated with a thunderstorm. She is afraid of this natural phenomenon, faints, her intuition tells her that something must happen that will decide her fate. And she admits in her deed with Boris, and understands: she can not live in the Kabanovs’ house anymore. After all, Kabanikha became a thunderstorm not only for her, but also for her son. He runs away from home to spend a few days at large.
As for Katerina, it can also be called a thunderstorm for the obsolete foundations of the Kalinovites. In the final, it seems to defy the slavery and oppression that prevails in the city. Throughout the action there is a tension, a thunderstorm hung over Kalinov’s tyrannies.
Much indicates that the authorities of Kabanikha and Dikomi are in danger. Curly refuses to obey them, and at the end disappears along with Varvara, who also only creates the appearance of subordination to the Kabanikhie, but in fact she does what she considers necessary.
And, of course, the words of Kuligin at the end of the play assert in the thought that the power of the Wild and the Kabanovs is short-lived, the storm is coming on them. Kuligin reminds them that Katerina’s body can belong to them, but she is free to soul.
The meaning of the title of this play is very meaningful. Many times it occurs as a natural phenomenon, is reflected in the characters’ characters and characters, and itself acts as if it were an actor. The whole atmosphere of the work is reflected in the name of the remarkable and still popular and favorite play by Ostrovsky “The Storm”.
AN Ostrovsky is one of the most outstanding writers of the XIX century, his works tell us about the struggle of humanity, kindness, responsiveness with meanness, greed and malice. The author in each of his books shows the kind, naive heroes who face the brutal reality of the world, which leads them to utter disappointment in life, kills all the good that they have.
“Thunderstorm” is the pinnacle of the playwright’s creative quest. After all, this play marked the beginning of such a monumental theme, which later was repeatedly used in the works by various contemporary writers and subsequent centuries. What is so impressive for readers for three centuries?
Katerina, in Greek means “pure,” Ostrovsky tells us how people rotten to the bones of people around her oppress her and put him in a corner, because they feel in her power and understand that it is the beginning of the end for them.
This fragile, naive girl can not be called strong-willed or strong, she did not perform a feat, on the contrary, her deed can be perceived as weakness, but the heroine’s death became a protest against the existing order, by her example she untied the hands of all the oppressed. Her image is a “ray of light,” a symbol of fighting cruel, selfish people, breaking the lives of everyone around, that is, with the “dark kingdom.”
In the last days, weeks of her life, Katerina was terribly afraid of thunder, believing that God’s punishment for sins was condoned on her head, she was so innocent that she did not understand, the storm came not to kill her, the lightning and thunder split the world of those who offended her, the darkness has come to an end.
Katerina played the role of a soldier who runs ahead of everyone with a flag, calling for a fight, the role of a soldier who awakens strength and resistance in the souls. After all, after her death, protested all those who were silent and who had suffered before. Kabanov finally realized and realized that his mother was a tomb in the incident, but his conscience is not calm, because he could not prevent the tragedy. Kudryash and Varvara decide to flee, leave behind the Wild and Kabanich, whose lives will become unbearable if they have no one to oppress and no one will pour their dirt.
The storm that carries death to the dark kingdom, to the former horrible foundations is the main meaning and significance of Ostrovsky’s play.