The defining characteristic of the dramatic work is that almost the entire text of the work is represented by the speech of the characters. In dialogues, the actors exchange their opinions, express their attitude to the subject of conversation, their location of spirit and feelings. His character monologue can appeal to the viewer, to himself. In some monologues, the characters express their secret dreams, aspirations (unknown about the “new commerce”, Ostrovsky – about the treasures, Nekrasov – about the land and money, etc.) or talk about what was before, at the beginning of the action in the play or along the way actions, but outside the scene (the Governor – about visiting institutions, Khlestakov – about money). Words in a separate statement of one character, to which another character is responsible, are called a replica (from the Latin Germano – I object, answer, open).
Nevertheless, the actors of the play not only speak, but also
do something. The unity of utterances and the actions of the characters in a dramatic work are inseparable. The author’s words in the play take a small place. This list of characters, descriptions of the type of scene, the names of the characters before their statements. The list of characters indicates who is who of the characters, at times describes their appearance, reveals some of the character traits. The author’s comments include comments in parentheses (less often between lines) about the intonation with which feelings, gestures, facial expressions the character says, what he does, how he behaves. The author’s words in the play are called the remarks (from the French – note, note). The presence of remarks is also conditioned by the requirements and peculiarities of the theatrical art. They help create a stage image, which would embody the author’s intention, dresser, make-up artist – to create an actor appearance corresponding to the role; decorators – to recreate the author’s descriptions of the scene in the interiors and landscapes. To the reader, the remarks help
to better imagine what is depicted in the play.
Note that. verbs have the form of the present tense. This small, at first glance, detail is very significant: it creates the impression, as if the action in the play is happening now, before our eyes. The requirements of the stage are subordinated to the structure of the dramatic work. The text of the play is divided into actions because the events depicted in each of them occur in different places and the scene must have a corresponding appearance. Between the performances during the performance breaks (intermissions) are made. They need actors and spectators to relax, and decorators – to re-equip the stage. The images-characters in the play are created by the same methods as in the era, nevertheless the role of each reception is not the same. The most important is the character’s speech, his actions, behavior, appearance. The volume of dramatic works is such,
Drama (from the group – action) is a literary form, in whose works, intended for a performance on stage, life phenomena are shown, and the characters are revealed in the conversations and actions of the characters. The main features of dramatic works: the unity of action and words; image of the characters through their actions, behavior, statements; the reproduction of events as a living process; presence of remarks; an appointment for a performance on stage; dialogical form. You know that there are different dramatic genres, the main ones of which are drama (as a kind), comedy, tragedy. Comedies can be humorous and satirical.
In humorous comedies, flaws in the characters of individual people are exposed, as a result of which the characters fall into equal ridiculous situations. In satirical comedies, the root defects of social life are exposed and condemned. Criticism here is incomparably deeper than with a humorous image, sharper, not aimed at eradicating vices (they can not be eradicated!), But at destroying the very order that produces such ugly phenomena.