The emergence of the genres of drama is quite definitely witnessed historically. As an already formed genre of drama was the ancient Greek tragedy – an example of a lasting unity of the genre content and genre form as a result of the creative refraction of tragedy in the tribal features of the drama. Ancient Greek comedy borrowed from its tragedy its genre structure, giving it its own, comic content. As a result, the genre structure also underwent a change.
In the comedy of the Renaissance, which came to the fore in drama at the beginning of this epoch, some misunderstanding and delusion is mocked that is not appropriate for the true, natural generic essence of man. In the comedies of Shakespeare, the native nature of a man over alien vices triumphs joyfully. Shakespeare destroyed the ancient impassable border between tragedy and comedy. In his comedies and tragedies, the same conflict – between the good nature of man and the hostile forces of evil. Essential for Shakespeare’s dramatic art is the inclusion of comic elements in tragedy and tragic into comedy.
In the 18th century it became established, and in the 19th and 20th centuries another genre of dramaturgy was widely spread – just a drama, that is, a play with a predominantly dramatic type of artistic content.
In the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, a drama predominated with an acute conflict between the self-valuable personality of the staff and the social conditions of his life, their ethological nature (“Uncle Vanya” Chekhov, “Living Corpse” by L. Tolstoy).