Climatic zones of Australia

The territory of Australia is located in three climatic zones: subequatorial in the north, tropical in the center and subtropical in the south. In the extreme north of the continent, a subequatorial climate is formed. In summer, during the period of the predominance of equatorial air masses, it is moist and warm. The average air temperature is +28 ° C, the amount of precipitation is over 1000 mm. In winter, tropical air masses arrive, which determine the arid and hot weather.

The largest area in the middle of the mainland is occupied by a tropical climatic belt. As in Africa, two climatic regions are distinguished within its borders: continental and marine. The hot and dry continental climate dominates over a larger area. The annual rainfall here is less than 200 mm, and temperatures throughout the year range from +16 to +32 ° C. Sometimes the air temperature rises to +48 ° C, and rains do not drop out for several years. However, there are heavy rains, when in the course of

2-3 days the whole annual rainfall rate falls.

The humid marine climate is formed only on a narrow strip of the east coast to the Great Dividing Range. Within a year, the temperature fluctuations here are insignificant, and a large amount of precipitation is distributed evenly.

In southern Australia, a subtropical climatic belt was formed. In the south-western part of it a Mediterranean region arose. It is characterized by dry hot summer during the reign of tropical air masses and a wetter and cooler winter, caused by the arrival of air masses from temperate latitudes. Due to the influence on the climate of the cold current in the middle of the belt, an arid continental region was formed. In the south-east, under the influence of the trade winds, there is a maritime region with a uniform humidification throughout the year.

The southern parts of the islands of Tasmania and New Zealand are located in the temperate zone with cool summers, warm winters and a uniform distribution throughout the year of the significant amount of precipitation brought by the western wind from the ocean.

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Climatic zones of Australia