(1897 – 1962)
Marienhof Anatoly Borisovich (1897 – 1962), poet, prose writer, playwright.
Born April 24 in Nizhny Novgorod in a noble family with good cultural traditions, primordial democracy, where love reigned and respect for each other.
After graduating from a private boarding house, he enters the privileged Noble Institute of Emperor Alexander II. The father did not approve of this choice, and after a while A. Mariengof entered the regular gymnasium. The father had a decisive influence on the life, outlook and creativity of his son.
At the end of the gymnasium he goes to the front in 1916 and serves in the engineering and construction squad. Here he writes the first play in the poems “Bloomers of Pieretta”, which was a success among
I learned about the October Revolution in the car when I was on holiday in Penza. The return here coincided with the tragedy: during the attack by the Czechoslovak battalions a random bullet killed his father. In these years he began to seriously engage in poetry, writing poetry. As later he writes – “fell in love with the metaphor”, he called it in French – imaj (image). Later he was the organizer (together with his friend I. Startsev) groups of Imagists. At their own expense, they published a collection of “Exodus” in the Penza printing house.
With a suitcase filled with copies of the “Exodus”, he came to his uncle in 1918, who was the water transport commissioner, who introduced him to the head. publishing house VTsIK K. Eremeev, who supported the young poet. In this publishing house Mariengof met S. Yesenin, who became his friend. Yesenin introduced him to the circle of young poets, who created a new trend in Russian poetry – Imagism. First the poets gathered at the cafe of the All-Russian Union of Poets “Domino”, from 1919 – in the cafe “Stoylo Pegasa”. They organized the Imaginee publishing house, where from 1922 to 1924 they issued four issues of the magazine “Hotel for travelers in the beautiful” and a number of collections of “Imagists”. In 1920, his program work “Buyan-Isle, Imazhinizm”, where he writes: ” One of the goals of the poet is to cause the reader maximum internal stress. As deep as possible, plunge into the palm of reader’s perception of the splinter image… “In 1922 he released the play” The Conspiracy of Fools “, in 1926 his prose works appeared -” Roman Without Lies “, in 1928
“Cynics.” This novel (together with E. Zamyatin’s novel “We”) was condemned at the general meeting of writers as “antisocial manifestations in the field of literature”.
In 1930 Mariengof almost does not print, it is gradually forgotten by readers and publishers. He tries to look for new forms, turns to dramaturgy. During the war he was invited to work on the Leningrad radio, where he speaks with reading his poems and poems about the war.
In 1953 he began to write his best prose work – “My age, my youth, my friends and friends” – a book about his childhood, adolescence, outstanding contemporaries, who had to meet and be friends. I processed it several times. Only after death, in 1965, the book was published in the journal “October”. In 1988, the first edition of the book was published, which was once given by the writer himself to the library. M. E. Saltykov-Shchedrin.
In recent years, other works of Mariengof have also been published: poems, some plays, a film story about Yermak, the historical novel “Catherine.”
A. Marienhof died in Leningrad on his birthday, April 24, 1962.
A short biography from the book: Russian writers and poets. A short biographical dictionary. Moscow, 2000.