Charles Baudelaire, one of the greatest French poets of the nineteenth century, was the “stepchild” of his time and the forerunner of the time of the future, who opened and presented to the world, according to Victor Hugo’s apt expression, the poetry of “a new thrill.” It is not for nothing that the well-known Ukrainian poet, delicate lyric poet Alexander Oles wrote: “The” flowers of evil “by Sh. Baudelaire are flowers that grew in our contradictory soul on the basis of the cruel 20th century.”
The official Khan’s criticism of the Second Empire, in the person of the custodians of bourgeois legitimacy, considered the poet a dangerous immoral blasphemer, anarchist and insane. And his enemies-enemies, two decades after the poet’s death, declared Baudelaire the fatal singer of Evil, who does not recognize any moral and religious principles and blasphemously neglects the traditional artistic criteria in art.
a person and as an artist, Charles Baudelaire throughout his life was in a state of irreconcilable conflict with his contemporary society of bourgeois cleanliness and sanctimonious honesty. In 1861, a sick and tormented poet, dreaming of creating a “murderous pamphlet” against Bonapartist France, wrote in a letter to his mother: “I am too unhappy to incline to peace, and if I am alive, I will write a cruel book for which I will be expelled from this vile country. ” The spiritual aristocracy of the poet, his agonizingly heightened sensitivity and discord over time, “gave rise to frightening extremes.” The well-known researcher of Charles Baudelaire’s creative work NI Balashov wrote: “Baudelaire was still” unbearable “than Byron, and had little chance to quickly awaken the reciprocal feeling of the rebellious” Cain Tribe “
Cain’s the children! the
time is come to be you in the wild! “
In other words, the spiritual appearance of Charles Baudelaire with his unquenchable thirst for the “Absolute Ideal” was alien
to the contemporary literary epoch and was directed to the future. Variations on the Baudelaire themes became a revelation of many new poetic schools; in the late XIX – early XX centuries. he was recognized as the “spiritual father” of symbolism; By the end of the first half of the 20th century, his poetry was interpreted as a connecting bridge between the “new Western” thinking and the wisdom of the East; by the end of XX century. – as a poetic expression of the mythological thinking of historical time in the spirit of the philosophy of Claude Levi-Strauss. Baudelaire wrote only fourteen short lines – a sonnet of “Conformity,” of which eight became the basis for all these epochal interpretations:
The nature of a temple, where from living columns
Scraps of vague phrases emanate from time to time.
As in the more common symbols we wander in this temple,
And with a kinship look he looks at mortals.
Like voices at a distant distance,
When their harmonious chorus is one, like a shadow and light, The
sound, smell, form, color,
Deep, dark meaning found in the fusion echo.