(3.08.1947 – 7.02.1995)
Kushev Evgeny Igorevich (3.08.1947, Odessa – 7.02.1995, Munich). He was born in the family of variety artists, was brought up by his mother’s parents. Lived in Moscow. He left school, began to study at the school of working youth, later entered the historical faculty of Moscow State University. In the mid-1960s he wrote poetry, translated (translated by G. Lorca was adopted for publication by the magazine “Youth”), communicated with opposition young poets, including former participants in the readings on Mayakovsky Square and with members of SMOG. His poems were included in the samizdat collections “Sphinxes” and “Phoenix-66”. A separate poetic group “Kommuna” is forming around K. and his friend V. Voskresensky. In June 1964 K. together with Voskresensky founded a discussion “Club Ryleeva, called to continue the traditions of the Russian democratic public. For the founders of the club was characterized by an orientation toward the values of the Russian revolutionary movement of the XIX century, interest in the Decembrists, revolutionary democrats (nihilists) and populists. In summer
1965 K. closely converges with A. Levitin (Krasnov) and under his influence takes Orthodox baptism. K. introduced Levitin (Krasnov) to the “agitated youth” (smogists), with Moscow dissidents (in his memoirs, Levitin (Krasnov) wrote that the meeting with K. was the beginning of a new – dissident – period in his life).
In 1965, together with his friend S. Kolosov, K. published a typewritten magazine “Notebooks of Socialist Democracy,” in which both articles from Soviet publications and original materials were published, including the works of K. and Levitin (Krasnov) himself. The magazine was created for a free discussion of historical (article K. “Who killed Trotsky?”) And pressing social problems. 5.12.1965 K. participated in the “public meeting” on Pushkin Square in defense of A. Sinyavsky and J. Daniel. At the end of 1965-1966 the editors of the magazine were repeatedly summoned to the KGB, interrogated. The magazine’s exit was stopped, K. was expelled from the Moscow State University and forcibly placed in a month and a... half in a psychiatric hospital. Kashchenko. In July 1966, members of the Ryleev Club published the only issue of the magazine Russkoye Slovo. The publication was conceived as a successor to the eponymous magazine, which was published by the nihilist-“sixties” of the last century, G. Ye. Blagosvetlov. K. published in the journal his poem and poem “Decembrists”
. In 1967, the magazine was reprinted in the émigré magazine Grani.
During the demonstration on January 22, 1967, he was detained after he shouted: “Down with the dictatorship! Freedom for Dobrovolsky!”. Contained in Lefortovo prison. We judge together with V. Bukovsky and V. Delone (Moscow City Court, 30.08.-01.09.1967); found guilty under art. 190-3 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR; sentenced to one year of corrective labor work conditionally, was released from the courtroom.
He was a witness to the Ginzburg-Galanskov trial, signed a letter of 13 witnesses (from 22.01.1968) with a protest against the illegal deportation of them from the courtroom; sent a letter to the editorial office of the newspaper Komsomolskaya Pravda protesting against the newspaper’s distortion of the testimony given to them. I signed an open letter to the director of the Institute. Serbsky with the demand to recognize healthy Bukovsky (4.10.1971) and the letter of the Initiative Group for the Protection of Human Rights in the USSR in his defense, addressed to the UN Secretary General Kurt Waldheim (January 1972).
In 1971, the publishing house “Sowing” published the first book of K., published in a typographical way – “Ogryzkom pencil”; in the first half of the 1970s a collection of his poems “Towards the Sun” appeared in the samizdat.
In the beginning of 1974 he emigrated with the family from the USSR. He settled in Scotland, taught Russian at the university. Since 1982, K. lived in Munich, was a commentator of the Russian service of the Radio Liberty, since 1987 was the chief editor of its thematic programs.
Ermoltsev DA, Kuzovkin GV
The materials of the journal UFO