(1798 – 1831)
Delvig Anton Antonovich (1798 – 1831), a poet. Born August 6 (17 N. s.) In Moscow in the family of Russified Livonian barons, from an old impoverished family. He studied at a private boarding school, then in 1811 entered the newly opened Tsarskoe Selo Lyceum. Here he meets Pushkin, friendship with whom is preserved for life.
Particular attention is paid to Russian literature and poetry, begins to write poetry and soon becomes one of the first lyceum poets, vying with Pushkin.
After graduating from the Lyceum in 1817, Delvig serves in various departments. In 1818 he was elected to the “Free Society of Lovers of Literature, Sciences and Arts”, writes a lot.
In 1820 Delvig – assistant librarian in the Public Library, serves under the I. Krylov, but mostly time gives literary creativity, visits literary and political circles, which included future Decembrists, approaches with A. Bestuzhev, and K. Ryleev. However, the ideas of Decembrist revolutionaryism are alien to him.
The main genre of Delvig’s poetry is idylls (imitations of the ancient) and verses in the spirit of Russian folk songs, some of which are widely popular (“Nightingale”, music by A. Alyabyev, “Not the Autumn Little Rain”, music by M. Glinka). Delvig was one of the first to develop a Russian sonnet. His lyrics, despite his intimacy, played a big role in the development of poetic forms and metrical techniques in poetry. Pushkin highly appreciated the poetry of Delvig.
In 1825 – 31 he published almanac “Northern Flowers” and “Literary Gazette” (1830-31), which were of great importance for the unification of progressive poets of the Pushkin Circle and protection of their positions in the literary struggle of that time. Donations F. Bulgarin played a role, “the highest order was issued to ban the publication under his editorship” (1830). Soon after that, Delvig died (January 14, in St. Petersburg).