Sergeev-Tsensky (real name – Sergeyev) Sergei Nikolaevich (1875 – 1958), prose writer. Born September 18 (30 N. p.) In the village of Preobrazhenskoe Tambov province in the family of a teacher, a great lover of reading, which affected his son. Raised on the poems of Pushkin, Lermontov and Krylov’s fables, many of them learned by heart, in seven years he himself began to write poetry.
After graduating from the gymnasium, he enters Glukhovsky Teachers’ Institute, where he continues to write poetry. Later many of the poems of this period will be included in his first poetic collection of “Dumas and Dreams” (1901).
Having graduated from the institute in 1895, receives an appointment to the gymnasium, but at his own request serves a military service and only a year later becomes a teacher of Russian in Kamenets-Podolsk. Realizing that creativity requires knowledge of life, often changes the “environment and landscape”: works in Kharkov, Odessa, Moscow educational districts, in Pavlodar and in Talsene (near Riga).
From 1900 begins to write stories, the first of which were printed in the “Russian thought” (“Forgot” and “Tundra”). Staying in the army during the Russo-Japanese War and in the first year of the First World War gave Sergeyev a wealth of material for the novel “The Lieutenant Babaev”, the novels “Pristav Deryabin” and “Batenka,”
The writer owes his recognition to Kuprin, who convinced him to come to Petersburg to publish his books there. The works of Sergeyev-Tsensky immediately attracted the attention of both readers and critics. There were great articles devoted to his literary activity.
In 1905 the writer lived in the Crimea, in Alushta, where he had his own house. Here he met the revolution of 1917, survived a civil war. At this time, he wrote little. Since 1923 he addresses historical themes (plays, novels and novels about Pushkin, Lermontov and Gogol).
In the 1930s, the novella “Zdravovitsa”, “The Lighthouse in the Fog”, stories “Verbal Account”, “Voronyat” and others were published. M. Gorky supported the writer, seeing in him the successor of the traditions of Russian classical literature.
During the years of the Patriotic War, he wrote journalistic articles, stories about contemporary heroes (the collection Real Realms, 1943), the novels Brusilovsky Breakthrough, The Guns Push, and The Guns Talked (1944).
Until the end of his life Sergeev-Tsensky remained an active writer, working on the latest novels of the epic “Transformation of Russia.” He died at the age of 83 on December 3, 1958 in Alushta.
A short biography from the book: Russian writers and poets. A short biographical dictionary. Moscow, 2000.