Throughout centuries of history, people in different parts of the world professed a variety of beliefs. Remember, for example, from the course of world history, who are Amon-Ra, Vishnu, Zeus, Osiris, Shamash, Poseidon, Confucius, Buddha… Over time, people have changed their religious beliefs.
So, our ancestors – the Eastern Slavs – were hundreds of years pagans, that is, they believed in gods who were the embodiment of the forces of nature. They considered the supreme deity to be the god of the sun of Dazhdbog. An all-powerful deity was for them the god of heaven Svarog. The revered deity was the god of thunder, Perun – the creator and lord of the heavenly fire. Adoration of Perun and fire imbued the lives of people of that time. The fire, lit up in the spring from a purifying consecrated fire, was carried across all houses. The family had to cherish it for a year, because it was the guarantee of well-being in the house. The ancient Slavs deified the earth,
and the goddess of the earth was called Moço. She was considered a mother-intercessor and nurse. Over the gates of each village, and sometimes of a separate court, the amulet with horns of the ox hung, which embodied prosperity and was the patron saint of animals – Velez. The Slavs also worshiped the wind – Stribogu,
You know that the Gentiles once were other nations. However, the most ancient beliefs are not preserved. Today, the majority of believers have three creeds: Christianity, Islam and Buddhism. They are called world, because they are distributed in different regions of the world, in different countries and have from one million to hundreds of billions followers. You learned about the origins and development of each of the world’s religions in history lessons.
In addition to the world, there are religions, quite common in individual countries or in adjacent territories. Such religions are called national. Among the largest – Hinduism, Confucianism, Judaism. It must be remembered that in the modern world, many people have atheistic beliefs. Atheism is a denial of the existence
of God, a rejection of religious beliefs.
The norms and rules of behavior by which people live can have some differences. This especially applies to external manifestations – everyday customs and rituals, traditions, etc. However, if we turn to the basics of the most common religions, the commonality of their moral attitudes will become noticeable.
Despite the deep kinship of the moral foundations of different religions, it is not always easy to avoid contradictions between followers of different creeds. Difficulties arise when people stop being tolerant, seeing in another religion a threat to their faith. This leads to the denial of other teachings and the persecution of people of other faiths.
The law of Ukraine provides for the responsibility for inciting religious hatred. The Constitution of our state gives every citizen the right and provides opportunities to freely determine their attitude to religion, that is, to profess any religion or be an atheist. Such norms are defined as “freedom of conscience”.