The theme of the homeland in the work of Blok
AA Blok is an amazing writer of the Silver Age. He left behind a rather rich poetic heritage. In his literary baggage various cycles dedicated to different topics. But, in fact, whatever the poet wrote, all his work was devoted to the Motherland. He himself said this on one of the poetic evenings. While reading his poems he was asked to read poems about Russia. “It’s all about Russia,” the poet replied.
Especially the poet is affected by the nature of his native country. She is not only a favorite subject of his poems, but also a cross-cutting motif of all the lyrics. The block seems to think in images of nature. In Blok’s early poems, beautiful moments and images of nature are symbols of the divine essence of the world. Dawn, foggy morning, “twilight veshnie” – these are the faces of the Beautiful lady, the eternal wife, divine wisdom.
The mature creativity of the poet is imbued with a more conscious love for Russia, for its nature.
The theme of the homeland clearly sounded in the poem “Autumn Will”. This work opens a series of Blok poems about Russia. The line “I’m on the road open to the eyes” sounds like Lermontov’s “I’m leaving alone on the road.” But in Blok, the feeling of tragic loneliness is overcome by love for the poor, unattractive nature of rural Russia:
The broken stone lay down on the slopes,
Yellow clay lean strata.
The autumn was in full swing in wet dales,
The earth cemetery was exposed.
The poem ends with a sincere exclamation of the poet:
You shelter in the distance
How to live and cry without you!
In all of Blok’s work, it is clearly felt that Russia is for him the beginning to which every poet should strive. She is forever beautiful to him, ageless beloved, Bride, Eternal Wife, who will understand and forgive everything.
Enormous love and tenderness permeated the poet’s lines:
Russia, poor Russia,
My huts are gray,
Your windy songs to me,
Like tears first love.
The poet loves his homeland as it is: pauper, gray. Nevertheless, Blok believes in Russia, believes in its future, in the approaching new century.
In the cycle “On the field Kulikov” Blok tries to comprehend the historical path of Russia from the Tatar yoke to the present day. For him, the Kulikovo battle is a symbolic event, which is destined to happen again. The people’s will, accumulating under oppression in the depths of people’s lives, explodes with a rebellion, a battle:
But I recognize you, the beginning
High and rebellious days!
In these verses there is no battle itself, only the eve of this event is shown. Blok makes it clear that even now Russia is on the eve of “unprecedented changes” and “unheard of riots”.
Feeling his inseparable connection with the homeland, the poet often calls her “wife.” I think this is due to the fact that it is with his wife that a person goes through his life’s path, sharing common hardships and joys. Therefore, Blok feels the unity of his fate with the fate of his country. It is for this reason that the topic of the Motherland in Blok’s work can rightly be called the main one, which underlies all of his poetry.