The composition of Perov’s painting “The First Christians in Kiev”

The composition of Perov’s painting “The First Christians in Kiev”

Perov Vasily Grigorievich is a famous Russian painter.
It is considered the founder of critical realism.
Most of his paintings belong to the domestic genre, but in the last years of his life, after experiencing many disappointments, the author turns to subjects of a different plan.
In the paintings of Perov, the evangelical theme is traced.
Such pictures include his work “The First Christians in Kiev.”

The picture is based on historical events, namely the arrival of the first Christians in the territory of Ancient Rus.
Since they did not have permanent shelter, they were forced to seek shelter in caves.

In the picture, the action shown takes place at night.
Several people read Christian prayers, some just listen.
In the center of the picture and the crowd on his knees stands a priest.
Before him an open book.
His hands are spread out in different directions, his head is slightly raised.
It can be seen that all people are not rich.
Some in general in rags.
People of different ages and sex, but all are united by one goal.

The author did not depict the historical moment itself, but its interpretation.
He wanted to convey to us the psychological mood of the characters, their experiences and religious feelings.
Show how much these people believe in a miracle and how they wait for him from heaven.
This can be seen from their praying eyes raised up.
The light contrast of the canvas still creates an impression of religiosity and even mysticism.
A mysterious twilight enveloped the people.
The light from the candles is reflected in the cave, creating the appearance of some kind of haze.
In this light, only the faces of people are seen, filled with faith and hope.

Perhaps, the author wanted to show his picture that the human faith in the beautiful inexhaustible.
It can not be broken or shaken.
It will pass through any barriers.


The composition of Perov’s painting “The First Christians in Kiev”