“Dull time! Oche charm!” – so wrote about the fall of AS Pushkin. Autumn inspired poets and painters to create masterpieces. Especially sharply the nature singers felt the beauty of this time of the year far from the city – in the forest, on the bank of the river, among the boundless fields. Autumn has become one of the leading themes in the work of the Russian artist II Levitan. His famous painting “Golden Autumn” is filled with bright colors. In its internal mood, it echoes Bunin’s lines: “The forest, as if painted, lilac, golden, scarlet.”
The autumn landscapes of Levitan are rich in real human feelings: it is also a joy that the long-awaited coolness has come to replace the summer heat, and admiration for the colorful nature of the countryside, and along with it the deep sorrow that lasted for the last November days. Gray tones prevail in the picture with a short title “Autumn”. The trees quivering in the wind,
the dreary surface of the river, the sky covered with thick clouds – nature seemed frozen in anticipation of cold weather.
Despondency, which comes from a simple, at first glance, landscape, is not accidental. The painting “Autumn” was written in 1987, when the painter was seriously ill. To resist a serious ailment Levitan was helped by creativity. Again and again considering this work of art, you can see traces of internal struggle. Against the background of bare, almost transparent trees, a green branch is depicted – a symbol of hope and belief that one day spring will come, that life will continue no matter what. And above the forest, on the horizon you can see a bright strip – it is the embodiment of a beautiful dream of warm sunlight, capable of warming the human soul.
The contradictory nature of the feelings that overwhelmed Levitan at the time of writing the picture is most clearly expressed in the depiction of the sky and the river. The autumn sky consists of halftones and smooth transitions from one shade to another. And its reflection in the river can be divided into
two parts: gray-blue and milky-white. And the light part seems hidden behind the numerous trunks of ghostly trees. And yet the artist once again succeeded in defeating his troubled illness, overcome his despondency in his heart. In the same year he painted the painting “Spring., Great Water.” Imbued with the spirit of optimism, it became a real antipode of “Autumn”. But it is in the autumn landscape of Levitan that you can hear the sounds of a long song of love for your native land.