The perception of the world by a medieval man was significantly different from ours. The man did not feel himself to be a citizen of the universe, he lacked the nearest environment, and everything else seemed alien and hostile. He determined the time approximately, according to the sun or by the rooster’s singing, and did not appreciate it. Even historians have arranged such insignificant “dates” as “when the days are longer” or “when such a king rules.” At first, people treated themselves and others with disdain, because Christianity considered them sinful by nature. But gradually the thought matured that sins can be atoned for by prayers, fasting and labor. Since then, man began to respect himself and work. Whoever did not work, caused general condemnation. Self esteem of a man has grown so much that God in his earthly embodiment began to depict in human likeness.
Social inequality seemed normal. It was believed that everyone should
be satisfied with their place in society. Doing more meant expressing pride, rolling down the social ladder – neglecting oneself.
The medieval man was afraid of everything in the world. I was afraid to lose a piece of bread, I was afraid for my health and life, I was afraid of the other world, because the church frightened him that almost all are prepared for infernal torment. Fear caused him wolves, who sometimes attacked a man in broad daylight, strangers. Man in everything imagined the machinations of the devil. In the XII century. there was an idea of the seven deadly sins. Invented and means against sins – confession. I confessed – and again you can sin… They also relied on the intercession of the Mother of God and the saints, who, for greater confidence, sought to have as much as possible.
The world medieval man perceived through symbols. The symbols were considered to be individual numbers, colors, images, etc. So, purple color symbolized royal dignity, green – youth, yellow – evil, golden – power and domination, etc. The Middle Ages believed in prophetic
dreams, craved for a miracle. However, not everyone racked their brains how to avoid hell torment and “save” their soul. There were also those who were interested only in how to have fun.
From the list of miracles in the kingdom of Arles
Lamia, or mask, or stria – is, as the healers believe, night ghosts, and as Augustine says, – demons. Also, the chests penetrate at night into the dwelling, cause sleeping nightmares, disrupt the order in the house and transfer the children from one place to another. This is what happened to Umberto, Archbishop of Arles, when he was still a child.