Patterns of the distribution of natural areas in Eurasia

Patterns of the distribution of natural areas in Eurasia

Since the territory of Eurasia lies in all climatic zones of the Northern Hemisphere, all natural zones known on the planet were formed here. On the mainland, in contrast to North America, the latitude zonation of natural zones is more apparent, that is, their change from the equator to the poles. In addition, due to the change in the climatic conditions of Eurasia from the coast to the interior of the continent in the same direction, one into another and the natural zones gradually move.

In the north of Eurasia, the natural zones of arctic deserts, tundra and forest-tundra, taiga are extended by a continuous strip in the latitudinal direction and replace each other from the north to the south. With the further southward extension of the zones of broad-leaved and mixed forests, hard-leaved evergreen forests and shrubs are observed only in the mainland’s glade, where more precipitation falls. Their place in the remote parts of the continent is occupied by the zones of steppes, semi-deserts and deserts. On the east coast of Eurasia, which is under the influence of the Pacific Ocean, again there are forest areas of variable-moist forests and moist equatorial forests.


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Patterns of the distribution of natural areas in Eurasia