Natural protected areas are land or sea areas on which the entire natural complex or its individual components are preserved in their natural state. In these territories, economic activities are completely prohibited or its individual elements.
In our time, no one denies the need to preserve natural complexes, plants and animals in them. In some African countries have already realized what can lead to intensive deforestation. For example, in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the state controls the harvesting and export of timber and planting trees. And in Mali, there is a law according to which fines and imprisonment for up to two years are threatened for burning out forests. Governments of many countries have banned hunting in their territory. Now tourists can watch the life of wild animals in natural conditions from special buses. In the reserves and national parks, travelers travel on specially designed routes accompanied by employees of the national park. Fortunately, the reserves and national parks of Africa occupy a rather large territory.
Of national importance are the national parks of Serengeti, Ngoro-Ngoro and Tsavo in East Africa, the Central Kalahari reserve and the Kruger National Park in South Africa, and others.
The Tasil Plateau is one of the oldest human habitats in the Sahara. Here remains of rock art remained: scenes of hunting, dancing, grazing. These figures suggest that the emergence of the Sahara is a consequence of the activities of a man who grazed cattle and burned the surrounding area. Thanks to the creation of protected areas, it is possible to maintain, and in some cases even increase the number of animals.