Indian Ocean

1. What impact on the nature of the Indian Ocean has its physical and geographical position?

Features of the geographical position of the Indian Ocean are its relative closeness on three sides of the horizon. From the north is located Eurasia, in the west – Africa, and in the east – the Great Sunda Islands and Australia.

A significant part of the ocean lies in tropical latitudes, the temperature in which promotes the heating of water masses to +30 ° C.

2. What is the interaction between the ocean and its surrounding land?

The waters of the ocean constantly interact with the surrounding land. Shores under the influence of water are destroyed, eventually becoming more chopped. The more soft the rocks are composed of land, the faster the destruction of the coasts and the change in the shoreline.

Water, evaporating from the surface of the ocean, forms clouds that bring precipitation to the land. Especially a lot of them fall out where warm currents flow near the continents. Monsoons blowing in the summer from the Indian Ocean, bring precipitation and South Asia. The rivers that originate in the Himalayas desalinate the northern part of the ocean.

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Indian Ocean