Humanism of the Renaissance

By the middle of the 14th century, a new philosophical trend was emerging in Europe – humanism, which marked a new era in the development of human society called the Renaissance. Medieval Europe in those days was under a heavy burden of church prejudice, every free thought was brutally suppressed. It was at that time in Florence that the philosophical doctrine was born, which made one look at the crown of the creation of God in a new way.

Humanism of the Renaissance is a set of teachings representing a thinking person who can not only swim with the flow, but also is able to resist and act independently. Its main direction is interest in each individual, faith in his spiritual and physical abilities. It was humanism of the Renaissance that proclaimed other principles of personality formation. Man in this doctrine is represented as a creator, he is individual and not passive in his thoughts and actions.

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about at the end of life Signs of cancer, which people often do not pay attention to. The new philosophical direction took as a basis ancient culture, art and literature, focusing on the spiritual essence of man. In the Middle Ages, science and culture were the prerogative of the church, which reluctantly shared its accumulated knowledge and achievements. Humanism of the Renaissance has opened this veil.

First in Italy, and then gradually and throughout Europe, universities began to form, in which, along with the theosophical sciences, began to study and secular subjects: mathematics, anatomy, music and humanitarian subjects. The most famous humanists of the Italian Renaissance are: Pico della Mirandola, Dante Alighieri, Giovanni Boccaccio, Francesco Petrarca, Leonardo da Vinci, Rafael Santi and Michelangelo Buanarotti.

England gave the world such giants as William Shakespeare, Francis Bacon. France gave Michel de Montaigne and Francois Rabelais, Spain – Miguel de Cervantes, and Germany – Erasmus of Rotterdam, Albrecht Durer and Ulrich von Hutten. All these great scientists, enlighteners, artists

forever turned the world outlook and consciousness of people and showed a man of reason, beautiful soul and thinking. It is they who are obliged to all subsequent generations for the given opportunity to look at the world differently. Humanism in the Renaissance at the head of everything set the virtues that a person possesses, and demonstrated the possibility of their development in man (alone or with the participation of mentors).

Anthropocentrism differs from humanism in that man, according to this current, is the center of the universe, and everything around him must serve him. Many Christians, armed with this doctrine, proclaimed man a supreme creature, while charging him with the greatest burden of responsibility. Anthropocentrism and humanism of the Renaissance are very different from each other, so you need to be able to clearly delineate these concepts. Anthropocentrist is a person who is a consumer. He believes that everyone owes him something, he justifies exploitation and does not think about the destruction of wildlife. Its main principle is the following: a person has the right to live as he or she wants, and the rest of the world is obliged to serve him. 7 phrases, destructive for the child’s psyche.

Anthropocentrism and humanism of the Renaissance were later used by many philosophers and scientists, such as Descartes, Leibniz, Locke, Hobbes and others. These two definitions have repeatedly been taken as a basis in various schools and trends. The most significant, of course, for all subsequent generations was humanism, which in the Renaissance sowed the seeds of good, enlightenment and reason, which we still consider to be the most important for a reasonable person today. We, descendants, enjoy today the great achievements of the literature and art of the Renaissance, and modern science is based on many teachings and discoveries that originated in the XIV century and still exist. Humanism of the Renaissance tried to make a man better, teach him to respect himself and others, and our task is to be able to preserve and multiply his best principles.

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Humanism of the Renaissance