In 1830 Pushkin went to Boldino to take possession of the estate. But because of cholera I have to stay there for three months. This period in the works of the great prose writer and poet is called Boldinskaya in the autumn. He writes a lot: poems, articles, “Belkin’s Tale” and “Little Tragedies.” The writer chooses different genres to express his thoughts on philosophical problems. And some of them have gloomy tonalities, for example the poem “The Possessed.” The poet begins to comprehend all the complexity and contradictoriness of life.
In front of him, new paths appear in a familiar forest full of surprises. So in the poetic and prosaic canvases Pushkin invades psychological traits, allowing you to come closer to understanding the world
A feature of Pushkin’s “Little Tragedies” is that they represent a cycle in which each work reflects most clearly one of the most important life problems. The poet himself pointed out that all this is a recycling of other works. But the “Miserly Knight” remains the most mysterious text. According to some researchers, he does not have a prototype. And the scene from the Cheston’s tragicomedy, about which the author spoke, does not exist either. All this gives the Pushkin’s work a mystical aura. But it is in this work that the poet raises important problems: the present age and the callousness of the hearts, who, with their indifference, can irreparably damage not only themselves but also those around them. The main vice in the work “Miserly Knight” becomes power. It is she who pushes Baron to save money and gold. After all, only on such a solid, but soulless basis holds power. But it has a negative
The poet shows us that money is devoid of the most important – the spiritual component. It is not in the process of acquiring money. The Baron earns a humiliation of human dignity. But the power of profit so overshadowed his mind that he tells the sad story of one widow as an amusing incident from life. . .. Today the Widow gave it to me, but before With three children half a day before the window She was kneeling on her knee. It was raining and stopped, and again went, the Pretender did not move. And this humiliation was worth only an old duplon. How life and compassion are depreciating in a world in which nobility must reign! The ladies worshiped during the time of knighthood. There were, of course, also poor women who did not receive such an honor. But the Baron in the work is called a knight, though sparse. So he had to at least just take the debt and not humiliate like a mother with three children. At the same time, money is not used for the benefit of even the owner: he simply adds them to the chest. But it is precisely such an object that brings him power.
And this for the Baron is the most important thing in the world. I reign! .. What a magical brilliance! Obedient to me, my power is strong; There is happiness in it, it’s my honor and glory! In these few lines Baron told us the meaning of his life. In it there is an aspiration only to accumulation, glory. It is from such cubes that his happiness develops. But even this understanding of the joys of life is based on the misfortunes of other people. All this chest is full not only with gold coins. It has a bit of human pain and suffering. If you collect all the humiliations and insults that people have experienced in order to fill this capacity with gold, they will never fit in the baron’s chest. And he himself speaks about this, boasting of the way he was able to achieve such wealth. And we understand that none of the people can touch his soul, especially when an old duplon is at stake. Yes! If all the tears, blood and sweat, Spilled for everything that is stored here, From the depths of the earth everything came out suddenly, That would be a flood again – I was drowned. In my basement of the faithful. The Baron revels in his power, he does not see the living people behind her. Only the trunk can cause in it a heart palpitations. And he does not even remember his son, a brave knight.
The only thing that the “stingy knight” thinks about is again about his money. He is afraid that the son will instantly squander all his inheritance. So the writer shows us that money and wealth never bring anything good. They destroy their owner. And he, in turn, is able to kill all who can be suspected of intending to encroach on such a treasure. All his life, the Baron lived in a small cramped room, called a chest. His soul belongs only to this golden “vessel”. Only he can tell about his secrets and hopes. Every time I want to open my trunk, I fall into a fever and awe. Perhaps this approach to life has the right to exist. Therefore, the poet describes the world in which the Baron lives in such a colorful and detailed manner. This does not mean that Pushkin supports him, but he tries to show us, that these are the laws of time. And if we do not accept them, we must fight them. So the son of Baron – Albert acts. He understands that there is a big barrier between him and his father – a chest of gold. And he can not destroy this dead wall. Then he turns for help to the Duke. However, in the final scene in the palace, we understand that those who possess innumerable treasures will never give up even their small part. Truly “a terrible century, terrible hearts.” The Baron, to save his money from any encroachment, is ready to slander his own son. However, in the final scene in the palace, we understand that those who possess innumerable treasures will never give up even their small part. Truly “a terrible century, terrible hearts.” The Baron, to save his money from any encroachment, is ready to slander his own son. However, in the final scene in the palace, we understand that those who possess innumerable treasures will never give up even their small part. Truly “a terrible century, terrible hearts.” The Baron, to save his money from any encroachment, is ready to slander his own son.
Writer not in vain hides a young man in the next room. He gets a chance to hear what he may have guessed, but he did not want to believe. His own father accuses him of riot and low vices. So money and power ruin not only normal relations between people, but also family ties, which should be the strongest. In this union of father and son, golden doubloons intervene, which can also quickly disappear, just as they do. Pushkin shows us that the Baron is making the wrong choice. Instead of his own son, he chooses a chest of gold. And the most dangerous thing is that the “miserly knight” not only does not realize, but does not even understand that in life there must be one wealth – the family.
A young man also becomes a continuer of his father’s tradition. He does not save money, but takes the Baron’s challenge to a duel. And only the Duke is indignant at this state of affairs. This episode shows the consequences of the education of the Baron. Firstly, a young man is ready to cross any frontier to achieve his goals (the Baron was not the same). Secondly, Albert is not aware of his actions. He himself does not give a report on his own actions. The hardness of hearts in this genus will be passed on from generation to generation. They will not be able to raise their children so that they can see all the horror of what is happening. It’s a vicious circle. No wonder the Duke says that this age is terrible. He makes a kind of generalization: from such a human vice it will not be possible to get rid of soon.
This is once again confirmed at the time of the death of the Baron. He does not think that the son could answer his call. He does not think that a young man, completely unadapted to life, will remain alone. There is only one thought in his head: I can not stand. My knees Weak. It’s stuffy! .., stuffy! .. Where are the keys? The keys, my keys! Pushkin presents to us in a small tragedy different shades and consequences of the unlimited power of money. He shows that they never, in the time of chivalry, or in our age, bring anything positive. They give power, but it has no spiritual basis. Therefore, the government also quickly falls apart, as it was built. Therefore, at the heart of our life there must be a kinship and a respectful attitude towards a person who, perhaps, will one day extend a helping hand to you. And such wealth should not be built on self-interest. This simple truth, except for the Duke, no one understood, so the author puts it in his mouth: “A terrible century, terrible hearts!” But we can still try to change not so much others as ourselves, so that next to us there is not a lifeless chest with gold, but a simple man, capable of softening the soul and dispelling all doubts.