Literary antipodes are opposite to each other characters
In a broad sense, antipodes are opposites of one another. The term is borrowed from the ancient Greek language, where it denotes opposing things, phenomena and values. The concept is used in physics, philosophy, literature and other fields of science and art.
Where do antipodes live?
Antipodes from the point of view of geography, for example, can be called the inhabitants of New Zealand and Spain, since these countries are located in strictly opposite points of the planet.
Explanatory dictionaries of the Russian language among other meanings unanimously distinguish the following: the antipodes are people of opposite views, beliefs, actions, etc. It is with this meaning that a literary device is associated with which the author creates a picture of life and expresses his conception.
The hero-antipode in the literary work is interesting not only from the point of view of the plot collisions. His
presence creates conflict and helps the reader to look more closely at the main character, see the hidden motives of his actions, thoroughly understand the idea of the work.
Russian classics are rich in such literary pairs that represent antipodes. And these characters can be not only enemies, but also best friends, which does not prevent them from being antipodes. Onegin and Lensky, about whom Pushkin says that they are “like ice and flame,” Andrei Bolkonsky and Pierre Bezukhov, Pechorin and Grushnitsky, Grinev and Shvabrin, Oblomov and Stolz, Karamazovs-Ivan and Alyosha are far from being a complete series of names.
In the brilliant comedy by A. Griboyedov “Woe from Wit”, the ardent and witty Chatsky also has antipodes. This is primarily a “modest” MOLCHALIN. These people and do not put it at all – they are so far in the mindset of each other, but only one object of love brings them together – Sophia Famusova. Both heroes are intelligent in their own way, but this mind is different. MOLCHALIN, convinced that “it is necessary
to depend on others,” won recognition for obsequiousness, courtesy, pragmatic professionalism and caution. In contrast to him, the sincere, talented, independent Chatsky, who “wants to teach freedom”, is recognized by the majority as crazy. The common sense of the conformist Molchalin, it would seem, triumphs over the “insane” insolent rejection of vulgarity, hypocrisy and stupidity. However, the sympathy is still on the side of freeer Chatsky, who leaves Moscow with a broken heart. The presence in the play of the hero-antipode makes the conflict particularly expressive and emphasizes how typical is the fate of a single person who decided to contradict the majority.
The Mystery of True Love
In the novel by F. Dostoyevsky “Crime and Punishment” to recognize the protagonists of the protagonist can not immediately. At first glance, Svidrigailov and Luzhin are seen as completely opposite to Raskolnikov, from whom the hero wants to protect and save people. However, we gradually understand that Raskolnikov, absorbed in his idea, is, rather, their counterpart – on the inhuman, cynical and criminal content of this idea. Nevertheless, Raskolnikov has antipodes – these are Sonia Marmeladova and Porfiry Petrovich. The latter was fascinated by such schismatic views in his youth, but his conscience did not allow him to follow this path. But Sonya also “transgressed”, but not having taken the life of others, and sacrificing herself for the sake of others. Thanks to this opposition, the author helps us to understand what the true essence of Christian charity and love is.