Australia is the driest continent of the world. Rainfall here is five times less than in Africa, and air temperatures are also high. This is due to the influence of a number of climate-forming factors. Australia receives a large amount of solar energy, because its territory extends in tropical latitudes. The northern part of the continent is in a hot thermal belt, the southern part in a temperate zone.
The climate of Australia is significantly influenced by atmospheric circulation and the underlying surface. The territory of the continent is located in the zone of constant winds – the South-East trade winds, most of which are formed above the surface of the Pacific Ocean.
The South-East trade wind carries air masses saturated from the ocean to the continent. Consequently,
The southern part of the island of Tasmania and the South Island of New Zealand are influenced by the constant wind of the Western transfer, which carries moist air masses to the Indian Ocean and causes uniform moistening here. The climate of the western, southern and eastern coasts of Australia is significantly influenced by cold and warm sea currents.
The fact that Australia is located in the southern hemisphere, causes the alternation here of the seasons, which does not coincide with the seasons of the Northern Hemisphere. Consider how the climate situation in Australia changes throughout the year.