Paul Cezanne – French artist, was born in Aix-en-Provence. Biography Cezanne is known as the history of the leader of the abstract art revolution in contemporary painting.
From an early age Paul was a friend of Emile Zola, who from time to time supported the work of Cezanne. In 1861, the artist went to Paris, where he met with Camille Pissarro. The famous impressionist strongly influenced the development of Cezanne as an artist. Paul divided his time between Provence and Paris until his departure to Aix in 1899.
The early work of Paul Cezanne is marked by frequent use of the palette knife. So Paul created densely textured, heavily deformed forms, fantastic, mythical scenes. Such an impulsive painting was also manifested in the artist’s subsequent styles, as if
Cezanne became acquainted with the work of Monet, other impressionist artists. After 1870, he was carried away by the use of color to convey perspective. However, the stable, propagated light in his works is extremely far from the impressionistic manner of the transient light effects.
The painting “House of the Hanged Man” characterizes this period in the biography of Cezanne. He exhibited his works in group shows in 1874, but later moved away from the impressionistic style, developing a strong structure of his paintings.
Cezanne tried to find a “restored nature” by simplifying forms to basic geometric equivalents, using light and a significant distortion of the essence of the landscape. For example, “Mont Sainte-Victoir”, a still-life “The Kitchen Table”, a composition “The Card Players”. His portraits, as it were, explore the life traits of heroes. For example, the work “Madame Cezanne”, “Ambroise Vollard”.
In his biography Paul Cezanne developed a new type of spatial samples. Instead of standard focuses on the perspective, he portrayed objects with changing observation points. Cezanne created the effect of the oscillating system, playing perpendicular planes, gently
In all the works of Cezanne, reverence for the purity and worthiness of simple forms is revealed by depicting them with almost classical structural stability. His “Bathers” is a monumental reproduction of Cezanne’s many visual systems.
Later works by Paul Cezanne in most cases – still lifes, figures of men, periodically natural objects. Among these works is a still-life with apples. Trying to maintain a solid foundation, in his works the artist seemed more free, spontaneous. He applied more transparent effects than in his early works. Cezanne used oil paints, watercolors, drawing tools, often making several work options.
The influence of Cezanne on the further direction of the development of art, mainly Cubism, is enormous. His theories gave birth to a new school of aesthetic criticism, especially in England. It is this fact that elevates the biography of Paul Cezanne over other French masters of the time. The collection of his paintings is presented in the Louvre Museum, the Metropolitan Museum, the Museum of Modern Art in New York, the Barnes Foundation Museum in Merion.